Preemption Appeals

News & Analysis as of

Public Trust Doctrine & Water Rights - The Walker Case: Does the Public Trust Doctrine Apply to Water Rights Established in...

A case currently pending in the Ninth Circuit raises a significant and novel issue of western water law. The case addresses whether the public trust doctrine can authorize modification of a water rights decree and...more

Aviation Happenings - Winter 2016-2017 Part 2

Part 2 of the winter edition of the Aviation Group’s newsletter examines some of the most recent and relevant cases and developments in aviation law, including: - Supreme Court Affirms Presumption Against Preemption...more

Blurred Lines: Texas Supreme Court Applies Hazy Distinction Between Workplace Harassment And Assault

The Texas Supreme Court recently blurred the distinctions between harassment and assault claims as they apply to employer liability under the state’s antidiscrimination statute. In considering whether a plaintiff is required...more

Texas High Court Allows Employee to Pursue Assault Claim Against Employer for Tortious Acts of “Vice Principal”

Seyfarth Synopsis: In a decision that is sure to increase the costs and complexity of litigation, the Texas Supreme Court recently held that a former employee’s common law assault claim was not preempted by the state’s...more

Do Arbitration Agreements Between Nursing Homes and Patients Violate Public Policy-- or Are They Enforceable Under the FAA?

The Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) provides for enforcement of arbitration agreements in a “contract evidencing a transaction involving commerce” in the district court. A nursing home sought to enforce arbitration agreements...more

Amendment 7 Stands Its Ground Against the Federal Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act

It is well known in Florida that Article X, Section 25 of the Florida Constitution (Amendment 7) provides patients with access to any adverse medical incident report (even involving other patients) created by healthcare...more

Amendment 7 Prevails Over Patient Safety Work Product Protections

On January 31, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the “Patient Safety Work Product” privilege cannot shield Florida health care providers from Amendment 7 requests. The court’s decision in Charles v. Southern Baptist...more

Florida Supreme Court: Federal PSQIA Does Not Pre-empt State's Constitution

In Charles v. Southern Baptist Hospital of Florida, Inc., published on Jan. 31, 2017, the Florida Supreme Court held that the federal Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act (PSQIA) is not and was never intended to be a...more

Billboards in Unincorporated Areas of California Subject to City, County Regulations

Many of California’s roadways are littered with advertising. A question regarding oversight of roadside billboards, however, has long remained: Does the state have ultimate control or can municipalities weigh in on...more

Simultaneous Decisions from the 7th Circuit: How the Later-Argued Case Became Binding Precedent

The Seventh Circuit is very serious about treating its panel decisions as the “law of the court” unless and until they are overruled by the en banc court or a higher authority. Hence, its Circuit Rule 40(e) requires a panel...more

California Employment Law Notes - January 2017

$90 Million Judgment Reinstated: Employers Must Relieve Employees Of All Duties During Their Rest Periods - Augustus v. ABM Sec. Servs., Inc., 2016 WL 7407328 (Cal. S. Ct. 2016) - Jennifer Augustus filed this...more

Federal Court Paves Way for Local ‘Right to Work’ Laws

Local governments may enact “right to work” laws, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, in Cincinnati, has held. United Auto Workers v. Hardin County, No. 16-5246 (Nov. 18, 2016). The Court ruled that such a law is...more

Massachusetts SJC Strikes a Blow to Massachusetts Independent Contractor Statute

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court recently held that the FAAAA preempts the second prong of the Massachusetts Independent Contractor Statute as applied to certain delivery drivers. Although the...more

Court Holds School Districts Not Barred by State Law from Prohibiting Firearms on School Property

In two separate cases, a Michigan Court of Appeals panel determined that state law does not preempt public school policies relating to the possession of firearms in schools and at school-sponsored events. In the lead case,...more

10th Circuit: NM Laws Purporting To Authorize “Self-Help” Preempted

On December 8, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit decided the case of United States v. Board of County Commissioners of Otero County, New Mexico. The Tenth Circuit held that a New Mexico statute and resolution...more

Supreme Court Update: Bravo-Fernandez V. United States (15-537) And Order List

12.2.2016 Greetings Court Fans! The Court issued its first signed opinion of the term this week, a unanimous decision in Bravo-Fernandez v. United States (15-537) holding that the Double Jeopardy Clause does not bar the...more

Food for Thought: Ninth Circuit Rejects GMO and Pesticide Bans in Three Hawaii Counties Because State and Federal Laws Preempt the...

Alika Atay et al v. County of Maui, et al, No. 15-16466 (9th Cir., Nov. 18, 2016) - Hawai’i Papaya Indus. Assn., et al v. County of Hawaii, No. 14-17538 (9th Circ., Nov. 18, 2016) - Robert Ito Farm, Inc., et al. v. County...more

The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - November 2016

This month we review a recent Second Circuit decision addressing ERISA plan status as a class member in a securities shareholder class action. As discussed in the article, the decision exposes a potential conflict among the...more

Third Circuit Reverses Order Denying Arbitration, Ruling That State Law Prohibiting Arbitration Of Insurance Matters Challenged...

Applied Underwriters Captive Risk Assurance Company appealed from the denial of its motion to compel arbitration in a dispute related to a reinsurance participation contract with South Jersey Sanitation Company. The trial...more

Federal Appeals Court Rules Counties May Enact Right To Work Laws

The term “right to work state” is fairly well known. After all, 25 of the United States are “right to work states,” states which have enacted laws prohibiting compulsory unionism as part of a collective bargaining agreement....more

Federal Circuit Judges Disagree Over Contours of Section 101

The increased prominence of Section 101 in computer-related patent disputes stems from the Supreme Court case of Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank. Before Alice reached the Supreme Court, ten judges of the Federal Circuit considered...more

Billboard Regulations: Cities and Counties

No State Preemption of Local Billboard Regulations, California Appellate Court Finds - The Outdoor Advertising Act does not preempt local regulation of billboards, a California appellate court has ruled. In a decision...more

Federal Copyright Law Does Not Preempt Trade Secret Claim

Addressing issues of preemption, the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit affirmed the district court’s decision that federal copyright law did not preempt the plaintiff’s trade secret claim because trade secret claims...more

Oregon State Court of Appeals Recognizes Federal Slayer Law

Oregon, like many states, has on its books a “slayer statute,” which generally prohibits a slayer or abuser of a decedent from obtaining benefits by virtue of the death of the decedent. The parents of Julianne Herinckx...more

Seventh Circuit Holds that FDAAA Does Not Affect Mensing/Bartlett Preemption

When we first set foot on the University of Chicago Law School campus back in 1982, Chicago sports were a mess. But quickly – certainly more quickly than our ability to grasp the Rule in Shelley’s Case, Last Clear Chance, or...more

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