Rule 68

News & Analysis as of

Supreme Court to decide if a TCPA class action can be mooted by a pre-certification offer of judgment

Monday, the United States Supreme Court accepted certiorari to review the Ninth Circuit’s decision in Campbell-Eward Co. v. Gomez, 768 F.3d 871 (9th Cir. 2014), which involved a TCPA class action brought by the recipient of a...more

Genesis Healthcare May Be Merely the First Book in Bible on Mooting Class/Collective Actions

In the beginning, the U.S. Supreme Court decided in Genesis Healthcare that an FLSA case is moot when the plaintiff accepts an offer of full relief. As we noted in our previous blog, the decision left open, however, the...more

U.S. Supreme Court to Use TCPA to Determine Power of Rule 68 Offers of Judgment

Three weeks ago, the U.S. Supreme Court raised eyebrows when it granted certiorari in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, — S.Ct. —, 2015 WL 1879778 (Apr. 27, 2015), where it appears the Court will decide whether a consumer has...more

Supreme Court to decide whether an offer of judgment for full relief moots a named plaintiff’s class-action claims

Article III of the Constitution limits the jurisdiction of the federal courts to “cases” and “controversies.” The Supreme Court has held that “‘an actual controversy … be extant at all stages of review, not merely at the time...more

Supreme Court Grants Certiorari To Resolve Circuit Split As Second Circuit Holds That Offer Of Judgment Can Moot Named Plaintiffs’...

As we noted a few months ago, several pending Circuit appeals and a pending petition for certiorari to the United States Supreme Court foreshadowed that clarity might be coming to the question whether an offer of complete...more

Eleventh Circuit Says No to Mooting Class Actions with Individual Offers of Judgment

Serving a Rule 68 offer of judgment for maximum individual statutory damages before the filing of a class certification motion was once a common strategy used to moot putative class actions alleging claims for violations of...more

Rule 23 Study Agenda – FRCP 68 and Mootness

Courts look down on offers of judgment in class actions as a procedural trick. Used properly, however, they are an effective early screen for cases that can’t be certified. ...more

District of Connecticut Blocks Pick-Off Attempt (Twice)

In Mey v. Frontier Communs. Corp., No. 3:13-1191-MPS, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 161675 (D. Conn. Nov. 18, 2014), Plaintiff Diana Mey alleged that she received two calls to her cell phone from Frontier’s automatic telephone...more

Eleventh Circuit Holds Unaccepted Rule 68 Offer To Named Plaintiffs Does Not Moot A Class Action

The Eleventh Circuit recently held that a defendant may not moot a class action through an unaccepted Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 68 offer of complete relief to the named plaintiffs—but not to class members—before the...more

What Will Be in the Coming Class Action Amendments?

I’ve written a little so far about the fact that Rule 23 is likely to undergo revision in the next few years. Last week Judge Robert Michael Dow, who is a member of the Advisory Committee on the Rules of Civil Procedure’s...more

11th Circuit Rules Unaccepted Offers of Judgment Do Not Moot Action

With apologies to Tampa Bay Buccaneer fans, I write today about a recent 11th Circuit opinion involving the Buccaneers Limited Partnership (“BLP”) and the more than 100,000 unsolicited faxes sent by BLP, advertising tickets...more

Class Action Not Mooted by Unaccepted Rule 68 Offers of Judgment to Putative Class Representatives, 11th Circuit Holds

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit recently held that a class action was not mooted by the unaccepted offers of judgment made by the defendant to each putative class representative in the full amount of his or her...more

Offer of Judgment to Named Plaintiff Did Not Moot Putative Class Action, According to Eleventh Circuit

Following the Supreme Court’s decision in Genesis Healthcare Corp. v. Symczyk, 133 S. Ct. 1523 (2013), lawyers have debated whether a defendant can defeat a class action by offering full relief to the named plaintiff(s),...more

Eleventh Circuit: Rule 68 Offers of Judgment Do Not Moot Putative Class Actions

On December 2, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit reversed a district court order dismissing a putative class action as moot, holding that: (1) an unaccepted Rule 68 offer of judgment does not...more

Eleventh Circuit Joins Circuit Split On Whether Offers of Judgment May Moot Individual Or Class Claims

On December 1, 2014, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals joined the growing nationwide split between Circuits over whether an unaccepted offer of judgment under Fed. R. Civ. P. 68 may moot an individual plaintiff’s claim...more

To Be Or Not To Be: Mooting Rule 23 Class Actions Through Rule 68 Offers of Judgment

The use of Rule 68 offers of judgment to moot the claims of plaintiffs in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) collective action context has received much attention recently as the courts consider defendants’ use of this...more

Class Action Defense Counsel adding ‘The Pick Off’ to Their Playbooks

In recent years, we’ve noticed a new maneuver that class-action defense counsel have increasingly added to their playbooks: The Pick Off. This is how the play is run: Offer the named plaintiff(s) full relief through a Rule...more

Yes, you really did settle all your claims when you said you did: Ninth Circuit dismisses appeal of class certification denial by...

A plaintiff hopes to represent a class to pursue two sets of wage-and-hour claims but runs into headwinds in the district court. First, one set of claims disappears because his legal theory doesn’t withstand a motion to...more

Take Your Pick: E.D.N.Y. Decision Offers Guidance for Plaintiffs and Defendants Alike on How to Handle “Picking Off” Attempts in...

“Sometimes surrender is the best option.” That is how Judge Raymond J. Dearie of the Eastern District of New York begins his opinion in Anjum v. J.C. Penney Co., Inc., before denying J.C. Penney’s motion to dismiss a putative...more

E.D.N.Y. Finds Retailer Cannot “Pick-off” FLSA Plaintiffs With Incomplete Rule 68 Offer of Judgment

Anjum v. J.C. Penney Co., Inc., No. 13-CV-0460 (E.D.N.Y. Oct. 9, 2014): The Eastern District of New York held that a group of opt-in plaintiffs could pursue their Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) collective action even though...more

ZocDoc Treats Doctor With Some Rule 68 Medicine

We have discussed several TCPA mootness decisions, mainly those coming out of the federal courts in Florida. Those cases hold that plaintiffs should not file “placeholder” class certification motions solely for the purpose of...more

Ninth Circuit Addresses TCPA Text Message Claims

In Gomez v. Campbell-Ewald Co., No. 13-55486, 2014 WL 4654478 (9th Cir. Sept. 19, 2014), a panel of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals addressed several recurring issues in TCPA litigation, including: the efficacy of Rule 68...more

California District Court Denies Motion to Strike Rule 68 Offer of Judgment to Putative Class Representative, But Grants Motions...

In a recent case in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, a plaintiff brought a putative class action alleging that defendants, a creditor and a debt collection firm, sent debt collection...more

The Class Action Chronicle - Summer 2014

In This Issue: - Avoiding Class Certification Through an Offer of Judgment - CLASS CERTIFICATION DECISIONS: ..Decisions Granting Motions to Strike ..Decisions Denying Motions to Strike...more

To Offer or Not to Offer: Post Genesis, Uncertainty Continues Regarding the Impact of Rule 68 Offers of Judgment in the Class...

Hit with a putative consumer class action? One of the first questions that should be considered is whether to make an offer of judgment to the named plaintiff(s). Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 68 permits a defendant to...more

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