Supremacy Clause

News & Analysis as of

Federal court rules that DEA must stop interfering with compliant medical marijuana businesses

On October 19, 2015, the United States District Court for the Northern District of California rejected an argument by the US Government seeking a narrow interpretation of congressional legislation designed to limit federal...more

Policy and Legal Implications of Implementing Renewable Energy at Scale: Supply and Demand Geographic Mismatch (Part 2 of 6)

The Problem: Supply and Demand Geographic Mismatch Because much of America’s renewable energy supply is inland and demand is on the coasts (about 52% of the U.S. population is coastal), demand cannot meet supply without...more

Kentucky Supreme Court Compares Giving Up Jury Trial To Giving Up Parental Rights; Refuses To Enforce Arbitration

Nursing home arbitration agreements are among the most unpopular arbitration agreements around.  Last week, Kentucky’s Supreme Court issued a lengthy, but fractured, opinion, finding three arbitration agreements were never...more

The National Labor Relations Board says “Happy Labor Day” with Flurry of Late Summer Pro-Union Moves

While some people may have been on vacation at the end of August, the past few weeks have been extremely busy at the National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB” or “Board”), with a series of decisions that will continue to make it...more

Third Circuit Rejects New Jersey's Bid to Legalize Sports Betting—Again

For the second time in two years, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals has rejected the state of New Jersey's attempt to legalize sports betting because it conflicts with federal law. In a 2-1 decision in NCAA v. Christie...more

Trade Secret Legislation Reintroduced in Congress (3rd Time)

Maybe the third time is the charm. After trying twice before, Congress is making another run at creating a federal claim for trade secret misappropriation. A bipartisan group of legislators from both congressional chambers,...more

Colorado Supreme Court Upholds Firing For Medical Marijuana Use

In a closely watched case, the Colorado Supreme Court ruled that an employer could lawfully terminate an employee who tested positive for marijuana in a random drug test, even though the employee’s use of marijuana was...more

Colorado Supreme Court Plays Debbie Downer for Medical Pot Users

The wait is finally over. Employers in Colorado – and in other states with similar lifestyle laws – can breathe a sigh of relief following a recent ruling by the Colorado Supreme Court. In Coats v. Dish Network, a...more

It’s Not All “High” in the Rockies – Colorado Supreme Court Finds That Employees Can Be Fired For Use of Medical Marijuana

As more states legalize medical marijuana and consider legalization of “recreational” marijuana, many employers have wrestled with the question of whether they can still maintain a drug free workplace or must allow employees...more

Developments in Long-Term Care – Q1 2015

The following summary highlights key federal court cases and administrative decisions involving skilled nursing facility survey issues during the first quarter of 2015. Federal Court Cases - Fifth Circuit Upholds...more

The FDIC Reigns “Supreme” in Nevada

For several years, Nevada Courts have considered a myriad of issues related to how Nevada law applies to loans made by banks that are later take over by the FDIC. In the past eight months, the Nevada Supreme Court has...more

Supreme Court Preserves States' Power to Protect Consumers But in the Process Blurs Federal Preemption Analysis

The Supreme Court once again showed that, when it comes to the antitrust laws, the consumer is king. In Oneok, Inc. v. Learjet, the Court was asked to decide where state antitrust laws end and federal regulation begins. The...more

Supreme Court Update: Rodriguez v. United States (13-9972); United States v. Wong (13-1074 And 13-7075); Oneok, Inc. v. Learjet,...

When is a sniff not up to snuff (as far as the Fourth Amendment is concerned)? Ten years ago, in Illinois v. Caballes (2005), the Court held that a dog sniff conducted during a lawful traffic stop does not violate the Fourth...more

The Supreme Court Holds That Medicaid Providers Cannot Sue To Enforce Federal Reimbursement Rate Standards

On March 31, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision in Armstrong v. Exceptional Child Center, Inc., holding that Medicaid providers cannot sue to enforce reimbursement standards set forth in federal Medicaid law....more

Supreme Court Rules That Providers and Suppliers Cannot Challenge Medicaid Reimbursement Rates in Federal Court

On March 31, 2015, a 5-4 plurality of the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that Medicaid providers do not have a private right of action under the Medicaid statute to challenge reimbursement rates. The Supreme Court’s...more

Supreme Court Blocks Provider Challenges to Medicaid Program

On March 31, 2015, the Supreme Court issued the first of several expected decisions that will impact the healthcare industry this year, ruling that Medicaid providers have no constitutional or statutory right to challenge a...more

Supreme Court Says Private Health Care Providers Cannot Sue to Force State of Idaho to Raise Its Medicaid Reimbursement Rates

In Armstrong v. Exceptional Child Center, Inc., Case No. 14-15, issued March 31, 2015, the United States Supreme Court ruled that a group of private health care providers could not sue officials in Idaho’s Department of...more

Supreme Court Holds Providers Cannot Sue States to Challenge Low Medicaid Rates

The Supreme Court ruled, on March 31, in a 5-4 decision, that hospitals and all other providers cannot sue to force a state to pay higher Medicaid rates. The name of the case is Armstrong v. Exception Child Center. In...more

Supreme Court Holds that Medicaid Providers Do Not Have Right to Challenge Medicaid Reimbursement Rates under Supremacy Clause

Yesterday, the United States Supreme Court issued an opinion that denies providers the right to challenge low Medicaid reimbursement rates by suing state agencies in federal court. In Armstrong v. Exceptional Child...more

Breaking News - Reinforcement For Buckman

We’ve been watching for Armstrong v. Exceptional Child Center, Inc., ___ U.S. ___, 2015 WL 14194231 (U.S. Mar. 31, 2015), ever since we spotted an intriguing footnote mentioning the certiorari grant in Ouellette v. Mills, ___...more

Medicaid Decision Makes Strange Bedfellows

The Idaho Medicaid program scored a victory in the United States Supreme Court today, and did it by persuading normally liberal Justice Breyer to enter the conservative tent reliably inhabited by Justices Scalia, Thomas,...more

Puerto Rico Debt Recovery Act Ruled Unconstitutional1

On Friday February 6, the Puerto Rico Federal District Court ruled the Debt Enforcement and Recovery Act (the “Recovery Act”) unconstitutional. Franklin Calif. Tax-Free Trust, et al. v. Comm. Of Puerto Rico et al., (D.P.R.,...more

The Supreme Court Hears Case Regarding Private Enforcement of the Medicaid Act Against States

On Tuesday, January 20, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral argument in a significant Medicaid-preemption case from the Ninth Circuit, Exceptional Child Center, Inc. v. Armstrong. In that case, Medicaid-participating...more

The Food Fight Continues: Vermont AG Seeks to Dismiss Lawsuit Against GMO Labeling Law

In June, we reported on a suit brought by the Grocery Manufacturers Association (“GMA”) seeking to rescind Vermont’s new GMO-labeling statute, Act 120. As we explained in that post, the GMA argues that Act 120 is doubly...more

Third Circuit Upholds FERC Orders on PJM’s Minimum Offer Price Rule

On February 20, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit denied several petitions for review challenging a series of 2011 orders from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (the Commission or FERC)....more

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