Title VII

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII... more +
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII has been subsequently extended to discrimination on the basis of pregnancy and sexual stereotypes and to prohibit sexual harassment. Title VII applies to all employers with fifteen or more employees including private employers, state and local governments, and educational institutions.  less -
News & Analysis as of

Employment Law 101: Pregnancy Discrimination

What is the issue: Title VII was passed in the 1960’s to protect against discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Since that time, other laws have been passed adding protection against...more

Triple T Foods to Pay $30,000 to Settle EEOC Pregnancy Lawsuit

Federal Agency Alleged Pet Food Company Fired Lab Technician Due to Pregnancy - LITTLE ROCK, Ark. - Triple T Foods, an Arkansas pet food processor, will pay $30,000 to a former employee and furnish other relief to...more

Sex Stereotyping, Sexual Orientation Discrimination, And Federal Law – Crazy-Mixed-Up Right Now

The Employment Non-Discrimination Act is dead again, so there isn’t a federal law prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation. Is there any federal law on same-sex harassment or discrimination? If so, what is it?...more

Supreme Court to Review EEOC’s Charge Conciliation Obligation

Under Title VII and related federal civil rights laws, if the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission finds cause to believe that an employee’s rights have been violated, the agency is required to attempt to negotiate a...more

Take 5 Newsletter: Five Labor and Employment Issues Faced by Health Care Employers

As the Affordable Care Act and the challenges of reimbursement and funding for health care services drive changes in the health care delivery system and employment in the industry, new issues in labor and employment law are...more

Seventh Circuit Says One Use of “N-Word” Does Not Create Hostile Work Environment

Under Title VII, single acts of verbal abuse typically do not rise to the level of legally actionable harassment. Only when these behaviors are repeated over a discrete period of time will courts consider them to create a...more

Employer’s Refusal to Rescind a Resignation Does Not Amount to Unlawful Retaliation, District Court of New Jersey Holds

The United States District Court for the District of New Jersey recently held that an employer’s refusal to rescind a resignation does not amount to unlawful retaliation under 42 U.S.C. § 1981 (which follows the same standard...more

End Around ENDA?

For several years, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights groups have been lobbying Congress to pass the Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA), which would prohibit sexual orientation and gender identity...more

Onionhead: Do Firings Over a Non-Religious Practice Violate Title VII?

A Syosset, New York company is being charged with violating Title VII of the Civil Rights Act after employees claimed they were fired for not participating in the belief system of the employer. It appears to be a clear...more

U.S. Census Bureau Down for the Count after Certification Ruling in Criminal Background Check Case

Last Tuesday, a Magistrate Judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York granted partial class certification in a case where plaintiffs allege that the United States Census Bureau used arrest...more

Federal Court Grants Class Certification in Title VII Disparate Impact Suit Over Alleged Discriminatory Criminal Records Screening...

On July 1, 2014, the court granted class certification in a high-profile disparate impact discrimination case against the Census Bureau in federal court in New York based on its criminal record screening practices, Houser et...more

EEOC Sues Bliss Cabaret for Race Discrimination and Retaliation

Clearwater Adult Club Fired Manager for Opposing Owner's Racially Discriminatory Practice, Federal Agency Charges - TAMPA, Fla - A Clearwater, Fla., adult entertainment club violated federal law by racially...more

Keeping it Short: Employers Can Use Employment Applications to Reduce Employees' Time to Sue

In a rare victory for employers, New Jersey’s Appellate Division upheld an employment application provision that shortened the two-year statute of limitations applicable to claims against an employer to six months. Rodriguez...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Employment Discrimination Decisions - Number 49: EEOC Takes On Background Checks

Throughout this series, we have touched on facially neutral policies which, although not motivated by unlawful discrimination, have a discriminatory effect on certain protected classes. For over 40 years, the courts have...more

Breaking Down New Regulatory and Administrative Initiatives in the L&E Space

Recently, the NLRB chair, Mark G. Pearce, confirmed that the Board will continue its emphasis on social media cases. In 2011 and 2012, NLRB Acting General Counsel Lafe Solomon released three memoranda detailing the results of...more

New Jersey Court Approves Contract That Limits Employee’s Time to Bring Discrimination Claim

The Appellate Division of the Superior Court of New Jersey ruled on June 19, 2014 that an employee is bound by his agreement in an employment application to a six-month limitation period to file any suit against his employer....more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Employment Discrimination Decisions - Number 48: Transgender Rights Under Title VII...

As Pride festivities celebrating the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) culture occur this month in Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego and Sacramento, we take a look at the development of transgender...more

EEOC Sues Employer for Imposing "Onionhead" Religious Beliefs

Within the next several days, the U.S. Supreme Court is expected to release its decision regarding the government’s authority under the Affordable Care Act to require private employers to provide contraceptive care to...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Employment Discrimination Decisions - Number 47: Same Sex Harassment Is Illegal

It seemed like a simple enough issue. In 1984, the Supreme Court found that sexual harassment — when it is severe or pervasive — can alter an employee’s ability to work and thus can impact the victim’s “terms, conditions, or...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Employment Discrimination Decisions - Number 46: How To Deal With Employees Using...

Fifty years ago when Title VII became law and 23 years ago when the Americans with Disabilities Act became law, it would be inconceivable that someone would be blogging about accommodating employees by allowing them to smoke...more

EEOC Background Check Guidance Under Fire - House Subcommittee on Workforce Protections Hears Testimony on Controversial Rules

On June 10, the House Subcommittee on Workforce Protections heard testimony regarding the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s (EEOC) controversial background check guidance. Comments focused on the difficulties faced by...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Employment Discrimination Decisions - Number 43: The Genetic Information...

As momentous as it was, the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was, in many ways, an incremental, evolutionary response to centuries of racial, gender, and other types of discrimination. This is not unusual in the...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Employment Discrimination Decisions - Number 41: Discrimination Laws Apply To...

Illegal immigration is one of the biggest political issues of the 21st Century in the United States, as both political parties support the reform of immigration laws in one way or another. Until the laws are reformed, the...more

EEOC Sues Massage Envy Spa Franchise for Pregnancy Discrimination

Spa Fired Female Employee Because She Was Pregnant, Federal Agency Charges - CHARLOTTE, N.C. - CCR Wellness Investments, LLC, d/b/a Massage Envy, violated federal law when it terminated a female employee because she...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Employment Discrimination Decisions - Number 39: Statistics In Discrimination Cases

Statistics have been a component of discrimination litigation since Title VII enforcement actions began to catch on. Normally, statistics arise in a disparate impact discrimination claim – where a facially neutral employment...more

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