News & Analysis as of

Burden of Proof

An Employer’s Duty To Accommodate Not So-Common Religious Practices

by Pepper Hamilton LLP on

Q. An employee has requested that the company give her an accommodation due to a religious practice I have never heard of. Do we have to comply with this request? A. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects...more

Delaware Court Of Chancery Rejects Books-And-Records Demand Driven By Entrepreneurial Counsel

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On November 13, 2017, Vice Chancellor J. Travis Laster of the Delaware Court of Chancery rejected a stockholder’s demand to inspect books and records of A. Shulman, Inc. (the “Company”) under Delaware General Corporation Law...more

Jumping into the Deep End: Amendment Practice Post-Aqua Products

by WilmerHale on

In the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit’s recent en banc decision in Aqua Products, a deeply fractured court provides a glimpse into the perspectives that some of the judges have on post-grant practice at the...more

Defence + Indemnity - October 2017: IV. PRACTICE ISSUES

by Field Law on

IV. PRACTICE ISSUES - A. Notes prepared for a witness to rely upon to refresh his/her memory prior to a Questioning may not be privileged and, if they are, relying on those notes to testify waives any privilege over the...more

Issue Nine: PTAB Trial Tracker

by Goodwin on

Motions to Amend: Burden to Prove Amended Claims are Unpatentable Rests with Petitioner - On October 4, 2017, the Federal Circuit issued its long-awaited en banc opinion in Aqua Products, Inc. v. Matal, regarding the...more

United Nations Continues its Development of a Treaty Imposing Liability on Companies for Human Rights Abuses

by Littler on

An ongoing debate exists regarding the nature and extent to which transnational companies should be held directly and legally liable for human rights impacts. Much of this debate has involved calls for additional regulation...more

Current Issues for Higher Education Real Estate Lawyers

by Bowditch & Dewey on

Campus Real Estate, Property Management, Tax Credits The 15th Annual Higher Education Real Estate Lawyers conference was held in San Francisco, where attendees listened to and learned from both in-house and outside counsel at...more

Workers’ Compensation Board Appellate Division to Review Decision Dealing with Burden of Production and Proof Under the § 327...

by PretiFlaherty on

Continuing with the case of Flaherty v. City of Portland, WCB Nos. 05032057 & 11036148 (June 22, 2017) from the previous post, the Board found the § 327 death presumption applied to the claims filed by Mrs. Flaherty under the...more

Expert Testimony on Lack of Motivation Won the Battle, but Lost the War

In BayerPharma AG v. Watson Laboratories, Inc., [2016-2169] (November 1, 2017), the Federal Circuit reversed the district court’s holding that claims 9 and 11 of U.S. Patent No. 8,613,950 would not have been obvious. The...more

Post-Aqua: The Federal Circuit Vacated Denial Of Patent Owner's Motion To Amend

by Brinks Gilson & Lione on

In Silver Peak Systems, Inc. v. Matal, No. 2015-2017 (Fed. Cir. Oct. 24, 2017), the Federal Circuit vacated the judgment of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) and remanded the case for further proceedings consistent...more

Evading 200 Years of Precedent: The IRS's New Foreign Travel Ban Will Revoke or Deny Passports of Taxpayers Owing More than...

Under the new Section 7345 of the Internal Revenue Code coming into effect in January 2018, Congress has given the IRS the power to “certify” the names of delinquent taxpayers to the State Department for purposes of denying...more

Appellate Division Reverses Decision Supporting Causation Based on Speculative Medical Evidence

by PretiFlaherty on

Generally speaking, the petitioning party bears the burden of persuasion to establish all elements of a claim on a more probably than not basis. Fernald v. Dexter Shoe Co., 670 A.3d 1382 (Me. 1996)....more

Indiana Court Clarifies That Burden of Proof in Unemployment Tax Successorship Cases Is on Government

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

Unemployment insurance in Indiana, like virtually all states, is financed by a tax on employers. The employer contributions are charged proportionally against an employer’s experience account: the greater the number of...more

Ind. Court Clarifies that Burden of Proof in Unemployment Tax Successorship Cases is on Government

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

Unemployment insurance in Indiana, like virtually all states, is financed by a tax on employers. The employer contributions are charged proportionally against an employer’s experience account: the greater the number of...more

Department of Education Sued in Connection with Recently Issued Q&A on Campus Sexual Misconduct

• An equal rights group and three individual plaintiffs have filed a civil suit in U.S. District Court in Boston against the Department of Education (ED) and Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos. The complaint alleges that the...more

Federal Circuit Clarifies Petitioner in AIA Reviews has Burden to Prove Unpatentability for Amended Claims

On October 4, 2017, the Federal Circuit provided some relief to patent owners by holding that petitioners seeking to cancel patent claims through inter partes review proceedings (“IPRs”) under the Leahy-Smith America Invents...more

California Employers Face Significant New Requirements - Banning The Box And Prohibiting Pay History Inquiries Among New State...

by Fisher Phillips on

California employers will soon need to adjust themselves to a new reality once again as a number of new workplace restrictions have been passed by the state legislature and just signed into law by Governor Jerry Brown. State...more

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act: Looking Back at the Last Fifty Years

by Nexsen Pruet, PLLC on

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1967. Congress created the legislation in an effort to promote the...more

Burden of Proving Unpatentability of Amended Claims Placed on IPR Petitioners

by Jones Day on

In an en banc decision, the Federal Circuit in Aqua Products, Inc. v. Matal addressed the question of who bears the burden of proving that claims amended during inter partes review ("IPR") proceedings are or are not...more

In re Stepan Co. (Fed. Cir. 2017)

The Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) gets most of its attention (judicial and otherwise) regarding its decisions in inter partes review and covered business method proceedings. But the Board also has responsibility for...more

Must Class Counsel’s “Proof” that Rule 23 Is Met Satisfy the Rules of Evidence?

All class-action practitioners understand the importance of a court’s decision to certify a class—the pivotal point at which a putative class action can transform into a reality, promising vast settlement pressure on the...more

Federal Circuit Shifts Burden of Proof for Amendments in Post-Grant Proceedings

by Hogan Lovells on

On October 4, 2017, the Federal Circuit, sitting en banc, issued a ruling in Aqua Products, Inc. v. Matal, placing the burden of persuasion on the petitioner to prove the invalidity of amended claims in post-grant...more

Venue Over An ANDA Defendant: D. Del. Weighs In

by Fish & Richardson on

In light of the Supreme Court’s TC Heartland decision, courts around the country have been grappling with venue-related challenges in patent cases. Under the patent venue statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1400(b), venue is proper “where...more

AQUA PRODUCTS: The Federal Circuit Shifts The Burden of Proof On Amending Claims During An IPR From The Patent Owner To The...

The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit’s recent decision in Aqua Products Inc., v. Matal materially changes the burden of proof associated with the patentability of amended claims during an inter partes...more

ALJ Shaw: ITC is a Viable Forum for Enforcement of SEPs

The public version of ALJ Shaw’s Initial Determination (ID) in U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) investigation Certain Magnetic Data Storage Tapes and Cartridges Containing the Same, Inv. No. 337-TA-1012 (1012...more

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