News & Analysis as of

Burden of Proof

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP

Supreme Court Accepts Review of Employer's Burden for Claiming FLSA Exemptions

Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, employers bear the burden of proving the applicability of an exemption from overtime and/or minimum wage requirements. Earlier this year in E.M.D. Sales Inc. v. Carrera, the Fourth Circuit...more

King & Spalding

Cumulative Impacts

King & Spalding on

A panel of EPA’s National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC) recently released draft recommendations for how EPA should more effectively address cumulative impacts. NEJAC recommends EPA’s work “center” on four...more

Ogletree, Deakins, Nash, Smoak & Stewart,...

Supreme Court Will Consider Whether Employers Have Heightened Burden for Demonstrating Overtime Exemption

On June 17, 2024, the Supreme Court of the United States decided to hear a wage and hour case concerning whether employers must meet a higher burden of proof to demonstrate that workers are exempt from the minimum wage and...more

Dorsey & Whitney LLP

The Supreme Court Update - June 17, 2024

Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

Today, the Supreme Court of the United States granted certiorari in four cases: NVIDIA Corp. v. E. Ohman J:or Fonder AB, No. 23-970: This securities case addresses the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act’s (“PSLRA”)...more

Fox Rothschild LLP

NJ Division on Civil Rights Proposes Rule Clarifying Disparate Impact Discrimination

Fox Rothschild LLP on

The New Jersey Division on Civil Rights (DCR) recently issued a proposed rule which, if adopted, would codify and set forth the legal standard required in disparate impact claims brought under the New Jersey Law Against...more

Jackson Lewis P.C.

U.S. Supreme Court Raises Standard for Labor Board When Seeking 10(j) Injunctions

Jackson Lewis P.C. on

The U.S. Supreme Court issued a decision directing district courts to use the traditional four-part test when evaluating whether a preliminary injunction should issue at the request of the National Labor Relations Board...more

Kohrman Jackson & Krantz LLP

Investigating the Intersection: Title IX Complaints and Criminal Investigations

Students involved in campus sexual assault cases often come to us full of confusion surrounding the intersection of the Title IX complaints and criminal investigations. While the same set of allegations can be simultaneously...more

Strafford

[Webinar] FLSA Collective Action: Erosion of Lusardi Two-Step Certification, Appellate Courts’ New Standards, Circuit Split - June...

Strafford on

This CLE webinar will examine the status of FLSA collective action certification following the recent Swales and Clark appellate decisions, including a close look at the new standards established under each. The panel will...more

Marshall Dennehey

Workers’ Compensation Appeal Board Violates Long-standing Workers’ Compensation Principles by Overturning Credibility Findings...

Marshall Dennehey on

Katherine A. Lawry v. County of Butler (WCAB); No. 593 C.D. 2022; filed March 6, 2024; Judge Covey - The claimant suffered a work injury to her right thumb in the nature of a strain/sprain. The injury was later expanded by...more

Kohrman Jackson & Krantz LLP

The Perils of Not Awarding Profits in Lanham Act Cases Against Counterfeiters

The wild west of the e-commerce landscape keeps many trademark owners up at night trying to protect their brand. In the ever-expanding online marketplace, counterfeiters pop-up daily trying to make a quick buck passing off...more

Davis Wright Tremaine LLP

Excessive Fees or Incessant Litigation – Time for Legislative and Employer Action on Retirement Plans!

Commonly referred to as "excessive fee" litigation, class actions that allege retirement plan investments charge too much and earn too little have increased over the past two decades. Excessive fee cases are difficult to...more

Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP

Stretching the Limits: Clarifying the Scope of the Domestic Industry Requirement

Complainants should allocate their investments on a patent-by-patent basis, or, at a minimum, ensure that any aggregate investment is allocated by proper product groupings....more

DRI

Counting Is Not Causation – Plaintiffs’ Flawed Reliance on the So-Called “10 Key Characteristics” of Cancer

DRI on

Plaintiffs in product liability litigation are increasingly using the so-called “10 key characteristics of cancer” to connect plaintiffs’ alleged exposure to an alleged carcinogen with the development of cancer....more

McDermott Will & Emery

A Lesson in Laches: You Waited Too Long to Start Your Kar

After the district court, on remand, held that laches did not bar relief, the US Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit again determined that the district court abused its discretion by not properly applying the presumption...more

Foley & Lardner LLP

LeTip World Franchise LLC v. Long Island Social Media Group LLC

Foley & Lardner LLP on

In LeTip World Franchise LLC v. Long Island Social Media Group LLC, the U.S. District of Court for the District of Arizona granted a temporary restraining order in favor of a franchisor, LeTip World Franchise LLC (“LeTip”)...more

Smith Debnam Narron Drake Saintsing & Myers,...

Legitimation Explained: Securing Parental Rights in North Carolina

In family law cases in North Carolina, parental rights can seem particularly complex, especially when children are born to unmarried couples. Navigating this terrain involves a legal process known as legitimation, which aims...more

Marshall Dennehey

Superior Court Affirms Decision That Claimant Failed to Prove She Contracted COVID-19 at Work, but Does Not Reach Issue of Whether...

Marshall Dennehey on

Hudson v. Beebe Medical Center, S23A-10-002 NEP, 2024 WL 36063 (Del. Super. Jan. 3, 2024). Ms. Hudson worked as a front-line nurse for the employer on its COVID-19 floor in the Fall of 2020. She contracted COVID at some...more

Fisher Phillips

Fresh From The Oven: Appeals Court Tosses Out Rulings on Pizza-Delivery Driver Mileage Rates, Serves Several Wins for Employers

Fisher Phillips on

An appeals court just ruled that pizza companies do not need to use the Internal Revenue Service’s standard mileage rate when reimbursing their delivery drivers for the actual costs of using their vehicles for work. In...more

Epstein Becker & Green

Eleventh Circuit Ruling on Causation Standard a Win for Employers

Epstein Becker & Green on

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit recently weighed in on the circuit-splitting debate over the proper causation standard for Family and Medical Leave Act (“FMLA”) retaliation claims. In a win for employers,...more

McDermott Will & Emery

Erschütterung des AU-Beweiswertes bei passgenauer Krankschreibung

McDermott Will & Emery on

Folgt auf die Kündigung des Arbeitgebers die Vorlage von Arbeitsunfähigkeitsbescheinigungen, die den Zeitraum bis zur Beendigung des Arbeitsverhältnisses passgenau abdecken, kann deren Beweiswert erschüttert sein. Das BAG...more

Fish & Richardson

The Top Three Things Foreign Companies Should Keep in Mind When Considering IPR

Fish & Richardson on

Being sued for patent infringement in the U.S. can be confusing, especially for foreign companies with limited litigation experience. Even more confusing are the multiple options and venues available for responding to patent...more

Benesch

11th Circ. FMLA Ruling Deepens Divide Over Causation

Benesch on

In a win for employers located in Florida, Georgia and Alabama, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit recently concluded that retaliation claims brought under the Family and Medical Leave Act are subject to a...more

Ankura

Amendments to Federal Rule of Evidence 702 and the Implications for Expert Witnesses

Ankura on

Effective December 1, 2023, the amendment to the United States Federal Rule of Evidence 702 clarifies and emphasizes existing requirements for the admissibility of expert witness testimony. Overall, the amendment to Rule 702...more

Lathrop GPM

Lower Burden of Proof for Whistleblowers Established in Landmark Supreme Court Case

Lathrop GPM on

Recently, the Supreme Court of the United States issued a decision in Murray v. UBS Securities, LLC holding that whistleblowers are not required to prove their employer acted with “retaliatory intent” to be protected under...more

Hogan Lovells

Proof in Trial: University of Louisville

Hogan Lovells on

Subscribe and listen to Proof in Trial here: https://proofintrial.lnk.to/series A high-stakes U.S. Supreme Court case with precedent-setting ramifications on federal elections, an NCAA basketball team fighting for its...more

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JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: Dec 28, 2021:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

  • Email
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Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

  • Operate our Website and Services and publish content;
  • Distribute content to you in accordance with your preferences as well as to provide other notifications to you (for example, updates about our policies and terms);
  • Measure readership and usage of the Website and Services;
  • Communicate with you regarding your questions and requests;
  • Authenticate users and to provide for the safety and security of our Website and Services;
  • Conduct research and similar activities to improve our Website and Services; and
  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
  • Readership information is provided to publishing law firms and companies and authors of content to give them insight into their readership and to help them to improve their content.
  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at privacy@jdsupra.com.

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
150 Harbor Drive, #2760
Sausalito, CA 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
150 Harbor Drive, #2760
Sausalito, CA 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com. We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
  • "Persistent cookies" - These cookies stay on your computer or device after your browser has been closed and last for a time specified in the cookie. We use persistent cookies when we need to know who you are for more than one browsing session. For example, we use them to remember your preferences for the next time you visit.
  • "Web Beacons/Pixels" - Some of our web pages and emails may also contain small electronic images known as web beacons, clear GIFs or single-pixel GIFs. These images are placed on a web page or email and typically work in conjunction with cookies to collect data. We use these images to identify our users and user behavior, such as counting the number of users who have visited a web page or acted upon one of our email digests.

JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit legal.hubspot.com/privacy-policy.
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Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit http://www.aboutcookies.org which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

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