Securities Constitutional Law

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Business Litigation Report - August 2016

Circuit Courts Align to Shield SEC Administrative Proceedings from Collateral Constitutional Attack - In response to the financial crisis of the late 2000s, Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer...more

SDNY Prosecutors Score First Post-Newman Insider Trading Conviction

On August 17, 2016, jurors in a New York federal court convicted Sean Stewart on criminal charges of conspiracy, securities fraud, and tender offer fraud after more than five days of deliberation. Stewart, a former...more

August 2016: Circuit Courts Align to Shield SEC Administrative Proceedings from Collateral Constitutional Attack

In response to the financial crisis of the late 2000s, Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”) in 2010. Previously the SEC could pursue civil penalties only against...more

Update on Lawsuits Challenging the U.S. Department of Labor’s Fiduciary Rule

As we previously reported, there are five pending lawsuits challenging the U.S. Department of Labor’s new fiduciary rule. Our Client Alert on the new rule outlines the significance of the rule and the implications of the...more

D.C. Circuit Upholds Constitutionality of SEC Administrative Proceedings

On August 9, 2016, a three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued Lucia v. SEC, a significant decision that holds that the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC” or...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

The D.C. Circuit handed down the first circuit court decision ruling on the Appointments Clause question concerning the retention of SEC ALJs. The court concluded that there was no violation of the Clause....more

Financial Services Weekly News - August 2016 #2

Editor's Note - OATS Reporting Violations and FINRA Enforcement. FINRA’s Order Audit Trail System (OATS), is an integrated audit trail of order, quote and trade information for all NMS stocks and OTC equity securities,...more

D.C. Circuit Upholds Constitutionality of SEC Administrative Law Judges

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) scored a significant victory yesterday in its quest to defend the increased use of its in-house judges when a three-judge panel of the D.C. Circuit ruled that the appointment of...more

ALJs are A-OK: D.C. Circuit Upholds Constitutionality of SEC In-House Courts

In several recent decisions we have covered, Federal Circuit Courts have unanimously ruled that respondents in an SEC enforcement action cannot bypass the Exchange Act’s review scheme by filing a collateral lawsuit in federal...more

D.C Circuit rejects constitutional challenge to SEC’s use of administrative law judges

A challenge to the constitutionality of the SEC’s use of administrative law judges (ALJ) was rejected by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. In Raymond J. Lucia Companies, Inc. et al. v. Securities and Exchange...more

D.C. Circuit Rejects Challenge to Appointment of SEC ALJs

While the Commission’s venue selection determinations have been repeatedly challenged, each of the decisions in favor of the agency at the circuit court level has failed to reach the merits of the Constitutional claim....more

Turns Out the Second Circuit . . . Uh, Heh Heh . . . Tossed Gibson Dunn for a Very Good Reason

So yesterday I wrote about the seemingly wrongheaded decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit to strike Gibson Dunn’s appearance from Lynn Tilton’s case in that court. Its apparent issue was that Judge...more

The Scope Of SEC Defendants' Jury Trial Right: Part 4

This is the last of four articles examining the scope of the Seventh Amendment jury trial right as applied to the facts that set the maximum monetary penalty a judge may impose against a civil defendant in a U.S. Securities...more

Supreme Court Declines to Review Constitutionality of SEC In-House Court

The SEC’s increased use of its own "home court" for enforcement proceedings has triggered constitutional challenges to SEC administrative proceedings (APs). See "Defendants Challenge SEC’s Increased Use of Administrative...more

Scottrade data breach class action case dismissed for lack of standing

We previously reported that Scottrade was hit with a class action case within 24 hours of notifying customers of a data breach. According to the Complaint, the data compromised included the names, addresses, telephone...more

Financial Services Weekly News - July 2016 #3

Regulatory Developments - SEC Proposes Amendments to Update and Simplify Disclosure Requirements as Part of Overall Disclosure Effectiveness Review - On July 13, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) proposed...more

The Scope Of SEC Defendants' Jury Trial Right: Part 3

This is the third of four articles examining the scope of the Seventh Amendment jury trial right for civil defendants in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission enforcement actions. Our first article explained why the Seventh...more

The Scope Of SEC Defendants' Jury Trial Right: Part 2

This is the second of four articles examining the scope of the Seventh Amendment jury trial right for civil defendants in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission enforcement actions. The previous article explained why the...more

The Scope Of SEC Defendants' Jury Trial Right: Part 1

It has been settled law for some time now that the Seventh Amendment right to a jury trial in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission enforcement actions extends to liability determinations. Unsettled is the question of...more

Equity Trust Notches a Rare Defense Win in SEC Administrative Proceedings

On June 27, 2016, SEC Administrative Law Judge Carol Fox Foelak dismissed the Division of Enforcement’s charges against IRA custodian Equity Trust Company in connection with the company’s processing of investments marketed by...more

Hill v. SEC: Eleventh Circuit Buries District Court Challenges to the Constitutionality of SEC Enforcement Actions

Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit held that a district court cannot hear constitutional challenges to an ongoing administration enforcement action of the U.S. Securities and Exchange...more

Eleventh Circuit Joins Peers in Preserving SEC’s Home Court Advantage

After four failed attempts at persuading federal appellate courts to hear constitutional challenges to SEC administrative courts, it is increasingly clear that defendants in SEC in-house proceedings will not be able to pursue...more

11th Circuit Holds Judicial Review of SEC ALJs Premature

The Eleventh Circuit Friday joined three others in concluding that Congress intended Respondents must wait until appeal from the Commission to have a Court consider their challenges to the Constitutionality of the SEC’s...more

Your daily dose of financial news - The Brief – 6.14.16

The big story of week so far came just a few minutes after the Brief went to [digital] print yesterday, so apologies for the second hand news: Microsoft has agreed to acquire LinkedIn for a staggering $26.2 billion in a move...more

Five Lawsuits Filed Against DOL’s Fiduciary Rule (so far)

As we previously discussed in our May 19, 2016 SW Benefits Update, the Department of Labor (“DOL”) recently issued final regulations on fiduciary conflicts of interest in retirement programs. Since 2010 when the DOL first...more

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