Administrative Agency Conflict of Laws

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EPA Asks STB to Resolve Preemption Question

The Administrator of Region IX of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has petitioned the Surface Transportation Board (STB) for a declaratory order to address whether locomotive idling rules issued by the South Coast...more

Ventress III Provides Another Tool for Airlines: Ninth Circuit Says Federal Aviation Act Preempts Pilot’s State Law Employment...

On March 28, 2014, the Ninth Circuit strengthened its Federal Aviation Act (the “Act”) preemption jurisprudence, holding that state law claims for retaliation and constructive termination are preempted under the Act when they...more

FDA to Revisit “Evaporated Cane Juice” Draft Guidance

Earlier this month, the FDA announced that it would reopen the comment period on its draft guidance for the industry concerning use of the term “evaporated cane juice” (ECJ). Draft Guidance for Industry on Ingredients...more

Law Prof: The Clean Air Act Needs a Reboot  [Video]

Feb. 24, 2014 -- Professor David Schoenbrod talks about some of the inadequacies of The Clean Air Act along with potential solutions to the problem....more

Supreme Court Will Rule on Whether Agency-Approved Beverage Label Can Be Challenged as ‘False Advertising’ in Federal Court

On January 10, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear an appeal by Pom Wonderful LLC against The Coca-Cola Company. The Court will examine whether Pom can bring a federal Lanham Act false advertising claim against a...more

Industry Group To Weigh In On GMO Labeling Debate

With the rise in state legislative efforts to require labeling for foods produced using genetic engineering or “GMOs,” the Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA) is poised to enter the labeling debate by working with federal...more

ALJ Rules Mine Operators Do Not Have Right to Perform Pre-operational Examinations of Equipment Prior to MSHA Inspection, Citing...

In an opinion issued on December 10, 2013, Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission Administrative Law Judge Richard Manning ruled that allowing operators to perform examinations of mobile equipment immediately prior...more

Washington's Unprecedented Bid to Supplant State Insurance Regulators

In mid-October, Prudential Financial Inc. dropped its fight against being designated as a systemically important financial institution (SIFI) by the Treasury Department's Financial Stability Oversight Council. When the...more

Texas Messes with EEOC

When Texans say “Don’t Mess With Texas”, they’re speaking directly to the EEOC these days. The State of Texas recently sued the EEOC, seeking to prevent the EEOC from enforcing its 2012 Enforcement Guidance on employer use of...more

The trust decanting statutes: Nuisances that should be repealed.

Inherent in a trustee’s discretionary authority to make a distribution of trust property outright and free of trust to a permissible beneficiary of the trust may well be the authority to distribute the property instead to...more

Wireless Site Applications: It's My Party (the FCC) and I'll Decide How I Want To

When a Federal statute is ambiguous, who gets to decide what it means — judges or the agency in charge of administering the statute? In its recent holding in City of Arlington v. Federal Communications Commission issued...more

Book Review: The Global Limits of Competition Law (Global Competition Law and Economics Series, Stanford University Press)

This European Competition Law Journal article reviews "The Global Limits of Competition Law," edited by Ioannis Lianos and D. Daniel Sokol. It is the first book in the Stanford University Press Series, Global Competition Law...more

The Supreme Court Rules that the Fox Can Guard the Henhouse (Because the Fox Told Them He Can)

The Supreme Court of the United States has allowed federal agencies to interpret ambiguities in their implementing statutes and directed courts to defer to agency expertise when deciding cases. (Who, after all, knows a...more

Compounding Animal Drugs from Bulk Ingredients

Recent public discussion about the federal role in regulating compounding pharmacies has focused on compounded drugs for human use. Compounded drugs are also vital to companion animal health (like pets). In the world of...more

Ninth Circuit Vacates Restitution Order In Overdraft Ordering Case, Allows State Fraud Claims To Proceed

On December 26, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that a national bank’s practice of posting payments to checking accounts in a particular order is a federally authorized pricing decision, and that federal...more

FAAAA Preemption Continues to Zigzag Through California Courts

Federal preemption of California’s meal and rest break laws as applicable to truck drivers under the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act (the FAAAA) continues to zigzag through California’s federal courts. In...more

Medical Marijuana Dispensaries Are Now Operating in Arizona

On December 3, 2012, an Arizona Superior Court judge issued an order holding that the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) does not preempt the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act. Three days later, the first medical marijuana...more

Khasin v. Hershey: Unduly Narrowing the Preemptive Scope of Pom Wonderful

As we have briefly explored, the Ninth Circuit has broadly construed Buckman implied preemption of state law claims pertaining to food, drugs, and medical devices, which are regulated under the federal Food, Drug, and...more

State Common Law Carbon Dioxide Liability Claims: Premonitions of Preemption (and Dismissal)

Left open by the Supreme Court’s decision in American Electric Power Co. v. Connecticut, 131 S. Ct. 2527 (2011), was the question of whether state law nuisance claims for the emission of carbon dioxide were viable in the...more

Federal Circuit Holds the Reexamination Door Open in In Re Baxter

When the Federal Circuit denied the Request for Panel Rehearing and Rehearing en banc in In re Baxter, the court let stand its two decisions that affirmed conflicting rulings on the validity of the same patent....more

Sixth Circuit: FERA False Claims Act Amendment Applies Retroactively to Cases Pending as of June 7, 2008

On November 2, 2012, the Sixth Circuit held that a 2009 amendment Congress made to the liability provisions of the False Claims Act ("FCA") applies retroactively to civil FCA cases pending as of June 7, 2008. U.S. ex rel....more

Lead Agency Could Not Bypass CEQA Review By Adopting A Voter-Sponsored Initiative As An Ordinance Instead Of Placing The...

A court of appeal created a split of authority when it ruled that California Environmental Quality Act (“CEQA”) review was necessary when a city approved a project, by adopting as an ordinance, an initiative petition that...more

The Fight Isn’t Over: Employers Should Keep Battling The Definition of “Whistleblower” Under Dodd-Frank

The “Securities Whistleblower Incentives and Protection” section of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (“DFA”) is an integrated scheme designed to encourage individuals to complain to the...more

Appeals Court Rules on State Immigration Laws in Alabama and Georgia

In three separate decisions issued on August 20, 2012, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, applying the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Arizona v. United States, held that key provisions of state immigration laws passed...more

NH Supreme Court Rules That State Law Preempts Municipal Restrictions on Excavation Permitting

On November 9, 2012, the New Hampshire Supreme Court issued its decision in Town of Carroll v. Rines (“Rines”), invalidating certain municipal regulations that limited excavations....more

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