Civil Remedies Bankruptcy Finance & Banking

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Seeking Punitive Damages Can Expand Scope of Discovery

As litigators are well aware, a lawsuit frequently begins and ends with discovery. Complaints must be carefully worded and allegations carefully chosen in order to maximize success in developing a record and in exploring...more

PACA Liens: A New Cloud on Title?

The Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (PACA) was passed by Congress in 1930 to protect agricultural produce suppliers from unscrupulous vendors who refused to pay the suppliers for their goods. PACA contains language...more

How does a creditor obtain relief from a receivership stay order?

QUESTION: I am a receiver in a case where the court issued an injunction staying all litigation and creditor action against the entity and assets in receivership. A secured creditor wants to foreclose on one of the estate’s...more

Post-Petition Lenders: Does Your Super-Priority Claim Trump Post Conversion Expenses?

Key points: While DIP Lenders rightfully negotiate for super-priority administrative expenses which trump post conversion chapter 7 administrative expenses, these provisions are not uniformly enforced. DIP...more

Lehman Brothers International (Europe) (In Administration) – Two Recent Judgments

Last week, the High Court ruled on the meaning of “Default Rate” in the 1992 and 2002 ISDA Master Agreements (together, the “ISDA Master Agreements”). Whilst the decision addresses a multitude of issues, perhaps the most...more

Court of Appeal decides that full losses flow from a second negligent valuation on a refinance regardless of whether the second...

In Tiuta International Limited (in Liquidation) v. De Villiers Surveyors Limited [2016] EWCA Civ 661, the Court of Appeal allowed an application to set aside summary judgment after considering the correct application of the...more

Ex Parte Attachment, and Priority, Reinstated to First in Time Creditor

In Estate of Summers v. Nisbet, the Maine Supreme Judicial Court reinforced the first in time, first in right nature of attachment and trustee process under Maine law. Attachment and trustee process are powerful enforcement...more

Bankruptcy Court Rules Chapter 13 Debtors Must Assume or Reject Leases in 120 Days

In a recent decision from the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Maine, In re Cho, the Court ruled that 11 U.S.C. § 365(d)(4)(A) applies to debtors in Chapter 13 cases. In this case, the debtors operated a dry cleaning...more

How Reporting a Crime May Subject You to Sanctions

You are a creditor and your loan is secured by personal property, let’s say equipment. The borrower recently filed for bankruptcy protection. You receive a phone call from a friend advising you that someone has a moving...more

Middle East focus: the Dubai International Financial Centre as a conduit jurisdiction

In DNB Bank ASA v. Gulf Eyadah Corporation and Gulf Navigation Holdings PJSC CA 007/2015, the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC) Court of Appeal has delivered a landmark judgment which expands the jurisdiction of the...more

Delaware Bankruptcy Court Invalidates on Public Policy Grounds a “Golden Share” Provision in LLC Agreement Designed to Limit LLC’s...

In a June 3, 2016 decision, the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware (“the Bankruptcy Court”) invalidated, on federal public policy grounds, a provision in the debtor-LLC’s operating agreement that it...more

Court Grants Student Loan Debt Relief to a Graduate of a Non-Accredited Medical School

On April 4, 2016, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of New York issued a decision that may significantly change the landscape of student debt relief. In re Decena, No. 15-72903, 2016 WL 1371031 (Bankr....more

Ninth Circuit Bankruptcy Appellate Panel Holds that an Oversecured Creditor Is Entitled to Default Interest After the Petition...

In Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v. Beltway One Dev. Grp., LLC (In re Beltway One Dev. Grp., LLC), 547 B.R. 819 (B.A.P. 9th Cir. 2016), the Ninth Circuit Bankruptcy Appellate Panel recently held that an oversecured creditor is...more

High Court Broadens the Definition of “Actual Fraud” under Section 523(a)(2)(A)

The Supreme Court’s Decision: On May 16, 2016, in Husky International Electronics, Inc. v. Daniel Lee Ritz, Jr., Case No. 15-145, the Supreme Court held that the term “actual fraud” in § 523(a)(2)(A) of the Bankruptcy...more

Supreme Court Decides Husky International Electronics, Inc. v. Ritz

On May 16, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Husky International Electronics, Inc. v. Ritz (No. 15-145), holding that the term “actual fraud” in § 523(a)(2)(A) of the Bankruptcy Code (one of the discharge exceptions)...more

Fourth Circuit Case on Modification of Residential Mortgage

The Fourth Circuit has held that in a case where the rate of interest on a residential mortgage loan had been increased upon default, a Chapter 13 Plan proposing to “cure” default under 11 U.S.C. §1322(b) is an impermissible...more

Ninth Circuit Rulings on Equitable Mootness in Transwest and Sunnyslope Impact Third Party Investors

The doctrine of equitable mootness provides that Chapter 11 reorganization plans will be deemed moot, and therefore not subject to appellate review, if a plan has been substantially consummated and granting appellate relief...more

The Un-Bankruptcy: A Texas Receivership as an Alternative to Bankruptcy (and fourteen ways to appoint a receiver in The Lone Star...

Creditors seeking to exercise control over a borrower or collateral may utilize a number of remedies. They may seek a foreclosure or UCC sale, assignment for the benefit of creditors, file an involuntary bankruptcy petition...more

The Southern District of New York’s Norske Skog Decision: What Constitutes A Refinancing May Be In The Eye of The Beholder

The recent decision by the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York in Citibank, N.A. v. Norske Skogindustrier ASA could be an important consideration for future drafting and interpretation of debt...more

Equitable Subrogation and the Replacement Doctrine

All real estate professionals and investors are familiar with the concept of the priority of liens. As a general rule, when there are multiple liens recorded against a property, the one that is recorded first is “superior”...more

In re Sentinel Management: The Seventh Circuit Considers Equitable Subordination

Equitable subordination in bankruptcy can be a powerful tool, providing a court with considerable latitude to set things right insofar as the estates of the penniless and the rights of their creditors are concerned. But...more

Indah Kiat Scheme – Preparation is Key

The judgment of Snowden J. in the adjournment of the convening hearing relating to a scheme of arrangement (the “Scheme”) proposed by Indah Kiat International Finance Company B.V. (“Indah Kiat”) emphasises some important...more

Bank Hit with Sanctions for Violation of the Automatic Stay

A recent case from the Western District of North Carolina, Statesville Division, reminds us all of the consequences for violating the automatic stay. Nationstar Mortgage, LLC apparently continued its efforts to collect a debt...more

2nd Circuit Rules Bankruptcy Code Does Not Preclude FDCPA Suit in District Court

In Garfield v. Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC, 15-527 (2d Cir. Jan. 4, 2016), the Second Circuit Court of Appeals examined whether a debtor who has been discharged in a bankruptcy can sue in a district court under the Fair Debt...more

What Creditors Need to Know - Two Recent Bankruptcy Rulings Affect Rights and Risks Regarding the Automatic Stay

Immediately upon the commencement of a bankruptcy case an automatic stay prohibits actions against the debtor to, among other things, collect pre-petition obligations and to obtain control over property of the bankruptcy...more

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