Constitutional Law Securities Administrative Agency

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The Scope Of SEC Defendants' Jury Trial Right: Part 2

This is the second of four articles examining the scope of the Seventh Amendment jury trial right for civil defendants in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission enforcement actions. The previous article explained why the...more

Equity Trust Notches a Rare Defense Win in SEC Administrative Proceedings

On June 27, 2016, SEC Administrative Law Judge Carol Fox Foelak dismissed the Division of Enforcement’s charges against IRA custodian Equity Trust Company in connection with the company’s processing of investments marketed by...more

Hill v. SEC: Eleventh Circuit Buries District Court Challenges to the Constitutionality of SEC Enforcement Actions

Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit held that a district court cannot hear constitutional challenges to an ongoing administration enforcement action of the U.S. Securities and Exchange...more

Eleventh Circuit Joins Peers in Preserving SEC’s Home Court Advantage

After four failed attempts at persuading federal appellate courts to hear constitutional challenges to SEC administrative courts, it is increasingly clear that defendants in SEC in-house proceedings will not be able to pursue...more

11th Circuit Holds Judicial Review of SEC ALJs Premature

The Eleventh Circuit Friday joined three others in concluding that Congress intended Respondents must wait until appeal from the Commission to have a Court consider their challenges to the Constitutionality of the SEC’s...more

No federal court challenge to constitutionality of SEC’s use of administrative law judges before final SEC order, Second Circuit...

A recent decision by the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit suggests that an attempt by a company or individual that is the target of a CFPB administrative enforcement action to bring a separate action in federal...more

Second Circuit Halts Constitutional Challenge to SEC Administrative Proceedings

On June 1, the Second Circuit in Tilton et al. v. SEC, No. 15-2103 (2d. Cir. Jun. 1, 2016), echoed recent Seventh and D.C. Circuit decisions (respectively, Bebo v. SEC, No. 15-1511 (7th Cir. Aug. 24, 2015), cert. denied, 136...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

The Second Circuit rejected a challenge to the SEC’s venue selection decisions, concluding that the district court did not have jurisdiction to hear an issue regarding the Appointments Clause. This is the third circuit court...more

2nd Cir. Joins 7th & D.C. Requiring Exhaustion to Challenge SEC ALJs

The Second Circuit has affirmed dismissal of “diva of distressed” Lynn Tilton’s constitutional challenge to the SEC’s administrative forum, holding that issue isn’t reviewable by the courts until an appeal after two levels of...more

Second Circuit Rejects Challenge to SEC Venue Decision

The second circuit joined the two other circuits which have rejected challenges to the SEC’s venue selection decisions, concluding that district courts do not have jurisdiction to hear the suits presenting the question while...more

Weighted Scales of Justice in SEC Administrative Proceedings?

Since the 2010 passage of the Dodd-Frank Act, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has been the subject of growing criticism regarding its increased use of administrative proceedings. By enacting Dodd-Frank,...more

BREAKING NEWS: Supreme Court Declines to Address the Constitutionality of Securities and Exchange Administrative Forum

On March 28, 2016, the Supreme Court denied a petition for certiorari review brought by Laurie Bebo, the former CEO of Assisted Living Concepts Inc., who challenged the constitutionality of proceedings conducted in an SEC...more

Will Supreme Court Hear A Challenge to SEC Venue Decisions?

The SEC continues to prevail in actions brought challenging its venue selections. On March 28, 2016, the Supreme Court denied a request for a writ of certiorari in Bebo v. SEC, 799 F. 3d 765 (7th Cir. 2015). Ms. Bebo’s case...more

SEC Tees Up Newman & Admin Forum Issues for 2016

The SEC granted two petitions for review last week that tee-up significant issues for full Commission consideration late next Spring. The Commission will consider the application of the Second Circuit’s Newman decision...more

Court Enjoins SEC Administrative Proceeding

Last March, I posed the following question:   But if you were hailed before an unconstitutional tribunal with the ostensible authority to fine you and bar you from working, would you want a “real” court to step in and...more

Your daily dose of financial news The Brief – 11.18.15

The Journal reports that Federal prosecutors are “actively pursuing” criminal cases against executives from RBS and JPMorgan for the toxic securities sold in the lead-up to the 2008 financial crisis. If filed, the charges...more

SEC Administrative Law Judges Ruled Unconstitutional

A recent decision from the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York concludes that the manner in which Administrative Law Judges (“ALJs”) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) are appointed...more

SEC ALJ Slams Bebo; Summarily Denies ConLaw Challenge

Laurie Bebo, CEO of Assisted Living Concepts, initially got some sympathetic words from the U.S. District Judge who felt constrained to turn away her constitutional challenge to the SEC’s administrative forum: The Court...more

Battle Over SEC’s Admin Forum Moves to 11th Circuit

The battle over the constitutionality of the SEC’s administrative forum now moves to the U.S. Eleventh Circuit. The appellate court issued an order Wednesday, denying the SEC’s bid to upset the trial court’s preliminary...more

D.C. Circuit Court “Tunes In” To SEC Administrative Court Debate

On September 29, 2015, the D.C. Circuit, the second federal appellate court to recently weigh in on the ongoing debate over SEC administrative actions, ruled in favor of the SEC in Jarkesy v. SEC, holding that federal courts...more

D.C. Circuit Repulses Assault on the SEC’s Administrative Citadel

The citadel of the SEC’s administrative forum has been under assault from several vectors over the past year or so, as a chorus of dissenting Respondents have mounted increasing challenges to its constitutional legitimacy, as...more

SEC Holds Its Admin Forum Isn’t Unconstitutional (!)

The SEC recently – and predictably – rejected a Respondents’ arguments challenging the constitutionality of the agency’s administrative forum. The September 17 Timbervest decision was the first of the constitutional...more

SEC Administrative Law Judge Appointments Held Likely Unconstitutional

Defendants in SEC administrative enforcement proceedings have increasingly been going to federal court to challenge the SEC’s stepped-up use of its "in-house" tribunal. While the early results were not promising, more recent...more

Tweaking the “Home Court” Rules for SEC Administrative Proceedings

SEC proposes modest amendments to AP process to enhance efficiency and address concerns regarding fairness. In an effort to enhance the efficiency of its processes in administrative proceedings (APs) and bolster its...more

SEC Again Rejects Constitutional Challenges to Administrative Enforcement Proceedings

The Securities and Exchange Commission again rejected constitutional challenges to the use of administrative enforcement proceedings presided over by Administrative Law Judges (“ALJs”). The Commission’s September 17, 2015...more

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