Americans with Disabilities Act Hiring & Firing

The Americans with Disabilities Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1990 to prevent discrimination against individuals with disabilities in employment, public accomodation, transportation,... more +
The Americans with Disabilities Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1990 to prevent discrimination against individuals with disabilities in employment, public accomodation, transportation, communications and governmental activities. The Act defines a covered disability as those mental or physical impairments that substantially interfere with one or more major life activities.  Five different federal agencies are responsible for enforcing the ADA: Department of Labor, Department of Justice, Federal Communications Commission, Department of Transportation and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.  less -
News & Analysis as of

Employee’s Inability to Meet Job’s Attendance Requirements Divests her of ADA Protections Sixth Circuit Holds

The converging paths of the Family Medical Leave Act’s (FMLA) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) ranks among the most difficult legal issues for employers to safely traverse. Employers should think twice before...more

Retailer - Spring 2016

NEWS & ANALYSIS - Hiring 101 for Retail Employers - Hiring good employees is a challenge, especially in the retail industry. But by following a few tips, you can make better decisions and reduce your risk of...more

Is Obesity a Disability Under the ADA Not Without Physical Impairment Eighth Circuit Rules

Obesity does not meet the definition of a “disability” under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) for either the discrimination or “regarded as” provisions of the statute, a panel of the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals...more

“Up in Smoke – Are Employers Required to Accommodate Medical Marijuana Use?”

For reasons that are subject to debate, 4/20 has become known as a holiday for those who enjoy marijuana. However, over the course of many years, the face of “pot culture” has changed to include not only those lighting up...more

Morbid Obesity Must Have Physiological Cause to Gain ADA Protection

Since the Americans with Disabilities Act was adopted, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has considered morbid obesity to fall within the definition of a protected disability. Earlier this month, the Eighth Circuit...more

Don’t Get Smoked By Pennsylvania’s New Medical Marijuana Law

Action item: Governor Tom Wolf is expected to sign legislation on Sunday, April 17, that will legalize medical marijuana in Pennsylvania. The new law also prohibits discrimination against certified users of medical marijuana,...more

Obesity Not A Disability Without An Underlying Medical Cause

In June of last year, we pondered whether obesity is a mere physical characteristic or a disability protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) as now amended by the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act...more

The Employment Law Authority - March/April 2016

A federal appellate court recently held that an employer did not violate the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) when it discharged an employee who had been sleeping at work and falling short of the employer’s performance...more

Question #274: Opining on Obesity

Question: We have a large meat processing facility in Northern Minnesota. We were recently hiring for one of our positions in the plant requiring work with large mechanical equipment. Because we consider this position to be...more

Is Obesity A “Per Se” Disability? One Court Says No.

A panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit ruled this week that obesity is not a “disability” within the meaning of the Americans with Disabilities Act — even as amended in 2009 — unless the condition was...more

Eighth Circuit Holds That Obesity That Is Not Caused By an Underlying Physiological Condition Is Not a Covered “Impairment” Under...

In Morriss v. BNSF Railway Company, the Eighth Circuit recently held that obesity that is not caused by an underlying physiological condition is not a covered “impairment” for purposes of the Americans with Disabilities Act...more

The Difficult Dilemma Facing Employers When It Comes to Threats of Workplace Violence

Unfortunately, headlines of tragic acts of violence in the workplace continue – and it is a trend that is not abating. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration estimates that approximately 2 million workers are...more

EEOC Files Suit Targeting Employment Application “Health History”

On March 22, 2016, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) filed suit in the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri against Grisham Farm Products, Inc. alleging that its employment...more

C&A Tool Engineering Sued by EEOC for Disability Discrimination

Tool Company Violated Federal Law by Refusing to Hire Applicant With Vision Impairment, Federal Agency Charges - INDIANAPOLIS - C&A Tool Engineering Inc., a manufacturing-tooling company in Churubusco, Ind., violated...more

Higher Education Highlights - Spring 2016

Upcoming changes to the Fair Labor Standards Act salary-basis test may convert many of your smartphone-toting exempt employees into non-exempt employees, requiring you to track the evening and weekend time these employees...more

Protecting Alcoholics, Preventing Alcohol Misuse and Distinguishing Between the Two

It has long been clear that the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) protects alcoholism if it qualifies as a “disability.”1  That said, courts have consistently held that employers can have legitimate work rules...more

Dollar General’s Firing of Employee on Leave Did Not Violate the ADA or FMLA

A recent Eleventh Circuit case under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) approved Dollar General’s termination of an employee on leave. The timing of Dollar General’s decision...more

HR Managers May Be Held Personally Liable for FMLA Violations, and Second Circuit Formally Adopts Tests for FMLA Interference and...

In Graziadio v. Culinary Institute of America, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit1 ruled that a human resources director could be personally liable as an “employer” for violating an employee’s rights...more

EEOC Sues Grisham Farm Products for Requiring Medical Information from Job Applicants

Mandatory 'Health History' Form Violated Federal Law, Federal Agency Says - ST. LOUIS -- Grisham Farm Products, Inc. of Mountain Grove, Mo., violated federal law by requiring all job applicants to fill out a three-page...more

Objective Basis Needed for Psychological Fitness for Duty Exam

In a case of first impression in New Jersey, the Appellate Division cautioned that employers may only require an employee to undergo a mental health fitness-for-duty examination in limited circumstances. Relying heavily on...more

Labor & Employment E-Note - March 2016

Are your cell phone policies as outdated as your original iPhone? Cell phones have become common place in today’s workplace and employers must consider the legal risks they pose. Thus, if you haven’t revisited your policies...more

A Job Ad Doesn’t Need to Be a Job Description

Ah, job descriptions. Boring lists of knowledge, skills, abilities, duties, and education and experience requirements – a description of the “essential functions” of a job. Not compelling reading at the best of times, and...more

Promoting Workplace Diversity in Times of Trouble

The population in the United States – and by extension, the workforce – is becoming increasingly diverse. According to projections from the U.S. Census Bureau, by 2044, racial and ethnic minorities will be the majority in the...more

ADA Does Not Protect Nurses with Restricted Licenses Due to Narcotics Abuse

The Americans with Disabilities Act generally prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities or records of past disabilities. For example, an employer could not refuse to hire an applicant who has been through...more

Quirky Question #271: We’ve Got a Worried Waiter

Question: We recently interviewed a candidate for a server position at our restaurant. During the interview, he informed us that he has an anxiety disorder, which causes him to have panic attacks out of the blue. Do we have...more

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