News & Analysis as of

Protected Class

Circuit Split: Expansion of Title VII Protections and Sexual Orientation as a Subset of a Protected Class

by Baker Ober Health Law on

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Title VII has been supplemented via legislative action to also prohibit discrimination due to...more

Sixth Circuit Extends "Cat’s Paw" Liability Theory to FMLA Retaliation Claims

by Littler on

Properly identifying the decisionmaker in an employment discrimination case is important because it is the intent of the decisionmaker that determines whether an adverse employment action was motivated by a discriminatory or...more

Sixth Circuit Says "Cat's Paw" Theory Applies to FMLA Retaliation Claim

Employers sometimes defend retaliation claims by responding that the person or persons making the adverse employment decision was not aware of the plaintiff’s prior complaint. In the employment discrimination context, the...more

When Is Harassment Not Harassment? Guidance From The EAT

by Dentons on

In the case of Baker v. Peninsula Business Service Limited [2017] UKEAT/0241/16, the EAT confirmed that an individual cannot succeed in a claim for disability harassment, unless they first prove that they have that protected...more

Transgender Students in Independent Schools: Developing Best Practices in a Confusing Political Landscape

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

Issues regarding transgender students and employees have been at the forefront of political, legal and social discussion in recent months. As independent schools consider their role in promoting the health and safety of...more

California Employers Further Restricted From Using Criminal History

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

California continues its lead in restricting use of criminal records with the Fair Employment and Housing Council (FEHC) recently finalizing new regulations that further limit a California employer’s ability to use criminal...more

4th Circuit Decision Highlights Importance of Comparator Evidence

by Miles & Stockbridge P.C. on

The Fourth Circuit recently upheld a lower court decision granting summary judgment to the employer in an employment discrimination suit brought under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (“Title VII”) and Maryland law,...more

Ohio Legislature Proposes Major Reform of Ohio Employment Discrimination Law

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

The Ohio employment discrimination statute may be in for substantial changes. A bill aimed at comprehensive reform of Ohio’s employment discrimination statute (R.C. § 4112) has been introduced Ohio Legislature....more

Age Discrimination Claims Valid When Both Candidates Over 40

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

In Irvin v. Ascension Parish School Board, the United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana denied Defendant’s motion for summary dismissal of a claim under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act...more

Third Circuit Permits ADEA “Subgroup” Claims

The Third Circuit recently held in Karlo v. Pittsburgh Glass Works, LLC, No. 15-3435, 2017 WL 83385 (3d Cir. Jan. 10, 2017), that workers in their 50s may be recognized as a “subgroup” of employees protected by the Age...more

What’s in a Pronoun? Liability for Employers

by Akerman LLP - HR Defense on

Political correctness in the workplace has become increasingly complex. Employers who have referred to transitioning employees with the wrong pronoun have found themselves in the crosshairs of the EEOC. But what about those...more

EEOC Seeks Input Regarding Proposed Harassment Enforcement Guidance

On January 10, 2017, the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) issued proposed enforcement guidance on preventing workplace harassment for which it seeks input before implementation. The deadline for...more

Third Circuit Rules That Employment Practices Favoring Employees in Their 40s Over Those in Their 50s Could Constitute Age...

by Tucker Arensberg, P.C. on

The Third Circuit Court of Appeals (which handles appeals of federal cases in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and the Virgin Islands) recently ruled that a facially neutral workplace policy that disproportionately affects...more

Algorithms and bias: What lenders need to know

by White & Case LLP on

The algorithms that power fintech may discriminate in ways that can be difficult to anticipate—and financial institutions can be held accountable even when alleged discrimination is clearly unintentional....more

You Mean It’s Un-American to Hire Only Americans? DOJ Issues Final Rule on Unfair Immigration-Related Employment Practices

If you thought it would be safer to require every new hire to be an American citizen—think again. The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has a new rule revising its prior regulations on Section 274B of the Immigration and...more

Louisiana Executive Order Extending Protections to LGBT Employees of State Contractors Enjoined

In June, we reported that in April 2016, Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards (D) signed Executive Order JBE 2016 – 11, which sought to protect lesbian, bisexual, gay, and transgender individuals, among other protected...more

What Employers Can Expect from the New Administration – Part 1: Executive Orders & Administrative Actions

What will a Trump administration do to the labor and employment law landscape? While we can’t predict for certain, we figure we can at least provide better insight than the pollsters who have spent the last year following the...more

Pennsylvania Court Says Title VII Prohibits Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation

by McNees Wallace & Nurick LLC on

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (‘EEOC”) has been aggressively advancing its position that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation even though sexual...more

The Election is Over, Now What?

Now that the election is over, many clients and friends are asking what labor and employment law might look like under the soon to be President Trump. Of course, no one can predict exactly what will happen in the coming term....more

California Legislature Adds Extra Set Of Teeth To Fair Pay Act’s Protections - New Law Extends Provisions To Race And Ethnicity

by Fisher Phillips on

On September 30, 2016, California Governor Jerry Brown signed the Wage and Equality Act of 2016 (SB 1063) into law, which will prohibit employers from paying employees of one race or ethnicity a lower wage than employees of...more

New Fair Housing Rule Extends Liability to Housing Providers for Harassment

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

This week, HUD issued a final rule that creates liability under the Fair Housing Act (FHA) for housing providers for occurrences of “quid pro quo harassment” or “hostile environment harassment.” The new rule takes effect on...more

Ninth Circuit Finds ADA Claims Brought by Employee With Cerebral Palsy Can Go Forward

Facially neutral decisions that are part of routine workforce reductions may not hold up in court if the only employee to be discharged in a group belongs to a protected class. In Schwartz v. Clark County, No. 14-16365 (May...more

Proposed Amendment to NYC Human Rights Law Would Prohibit Discrimination Against Uniformed Service Members and Veterans

An amendment to the New York City Human Rights Law (NYCHRL) introduced before the City Council this week would add current or prior service in the uniformed services as a protected class under the law. If approved by the...more

Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation Not Protected by Title VII, Federal Court Rules

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

The anti-discrimination protections under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act do not encompass workplace discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, in Chicago, has...more

Pokémon No! A Strategy Guide on Handling the Latest Smartphone Craze in the Workplace

Although Pokémon Go is only 21 days young, over 30 million users have downloaded and played the augmented reality game on their smartphones. In the latest release of the pocket monster franchise, your mission is to capture...more

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