News & Analysis as of

But For Causation

Bodman

Workplace Law Lowdown | Sixth Circuit Will Not Expand Landmark Title VII Case of Bostock v Clayton County

Bodman on

Sixth Circuit Will Not Expand Landmark Title VII Case of Bostock v Clayton County to ADEA Claims - Employers in the Sixth Circuit Gain Predictability in the Test for Determining Claims Under the ADEA... ...more

Proskauer - Law and the Workplace

Significant Workplace Changes in Store under the Biden Administration

From pay equity to an increased minimum wage, pro-worker and pro-union labor policies, and additional anti-discrimination protections, President-elect Biden has touted support for numerous legislative and regulatory proposals...more

Rivkin Radler LLP

New York Insurance Coverage Law Update - UPDATED December 2020

Rivkin Radler LLP on

C&S Franklin Realty (a landlord) filed a declaratory judgment action against the insurer of C&S’s tenant (a nightclub), seeking additional insured coverage for an underlying personal injury action alleging a slip and fall on...more

Rumberger | Kirk

Fifth DCA Finds Florida’s Private Whistleblower Act Requires Proof of But-For Causation

Rumberger | Kirk on

In a recent decision by the Fifth District Court of Appeal, the court held that the proper causation standard in retaliation claims brought under Florida’s Private Whistleblower Act (“FWA”) is but-for causation. This...more

White and Williams LLP

Car Crashes Through Restaurant Window. Result: Lesson in the History of Additional Insured Coverage

White and Williams LLP on

Back in the day, additional insureds were oftentimes afforded coverage for liability “arising out of” the named insured’s work for the additional insured. When confronted with such language, courts often concluded that it...more

Hinshaw & Culbertson - Lawyers for the...

Florida Appellate Court Reduces Legal Malpractice Verdict From $5M to $250K Because Plaintiff Failed to Prove Underlying Judgment...

After a Florida law firm and one of its attorneys (defendants) were hit with a $5 million jury verdict in a case arising out of an underlying medical malpractice action, they—along with the firm's insurer—appealed. Because...more

Rivkin Radler LLP

New York Insurance Coverage Law Update - October 2020

Rivkin Radler LLP on

Pierce Management, a general contractor, subcontracted with RJK Electric for electrical work on a drive-thru at a Starbucks. Pierce’s project manager was allegedly injured while walking to his car in the parking lot by a...more

Gray Reed

Dozens of McDonald’s Corporation’s African American Franchisees Sue Alleging Pervasive Racial Discrimination

Gray Reed on

McDonald’s Corporation (“McDonald’s”) is facing two high-profile lawsuits involving allegations of race-based discrimination against franchisees and executives....more

Laner Muchin, Ltd.

The Supreme Court Affirms the “but-for” Causation Standard in Certain Discrimination Statutory Frameworks

Laner Muchin, Ltd. on

The Supreme Court’s recent opinion in Bostock v. Clayton County announced that employees are protected from discrimination based on their LGBTQ status. In reaching its historic holding, the Bostock Court engaged in an...more

Morgan Lewis

Judgment in the FCA’s Business Interruption Test Case – What Is the ‘Insured Peril?’

Morgan Lewis on

The eagerly anticipated judgment of Lord Justice Flaux and Mr. Justice Butcher in the Financial Conduct Authority’s (FCA’s) test case in relation to cover afforded under various business interruption wordings has now been...more

Hinshaw & Culbertson - Lawyers for the...

Defendants Entitled to Summary Judgment on Lack of Proximate Causation Because Plaintiffs' Expert Opinions were Conclusory

Summary judgment entered in the attorney defendant's favor on grounds of lack of causation in a legal malpractice case was upheld by a Texas court of appeal where plaintiffs' expert's opinions regarding proximate cause were...more

Holland & Hart - Persuasion Strategies

Experts: Use Counterfactuals

As of press time for this post, 173,094 Americans have died from the novel coronavirus. If the United States had followed the example of other developed countries by taking earlier and more decisive actions against the virus,...more

Edgeworth Economics

Economic Issues in Calculating Damages in COVID-19 Business Interruption Insurance Lawsuits

Edgeworth Economics on

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect economy activity across the US, a wave of litigation has emerged. Hundreds of lawsuits in federal and state courts across the country are pitting businesses against insurance...more

Seyfarth Shaw LLP

Seventh Circuit Affirms Summary Judgment in Disability Suit Where No Evidence that Disability Was “But For” Cause of Position...

Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: In McCann v. Badger Mining Corporation, — F.3d. — (7th Cir. 2020), the Seventh Circuit affirmed summary judgment and held that no jury could conclude that plaintiff’s position would not have been eliminated...more

Edgeworth Economics

[Webinar] Pandemic-Related Class Actions: An Economic Perspective - July 29th, 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm EDT

Edgeworth Economics on

The unprecedented impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to class action litigation across the country, including around issues of price gouging, business interruption, and payment refunds. In this webinar, join a...more

Hinshaw & Culbertson - Insights for Insurers

Capital One Loses Bid to Shield Post-Breach Report from Consumer Plaintiffs

On June 25, a Federal District Court in Virginia (Anthony J. Trenga, U.S.D.J.) affirmed a Magistrate Judge's Order requiring Capital One to produce a vendor's post-breach forensic report to plaintiffs in a consumer class...more

Womble Bond Dickinson

Palsgraf goes viral: Viruses as the proximate cause of an injury

Womble Bond Dickinson on

A central question in every tort case is what caused the injury. The question of proximate cause does not end with the inquiry of whether it is possible for a particular product or act to cause an injury, but also whether it...more

Hinshaw & Culbertson - Insights for Insurers

No Protection for Vendor's Forensic Report in Post-Breach Litigation? - Preserving Privilege and Work Product Protection in Light...

A May 26, 2020 order by U.S. Magistrate Judge John F. Anderson (E.D. Va.) that attorney work product protection did not preclude production of a forensic vendor's data breach investigation report to plaintiffs in the Capital...more

Womble Bond Dickinson

Federal Court Finds Cybersecurity Forensic Report Not Privileged Under Attorney Work Product Doctrine

Womble Bond Dickinson on

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (Court) has held that a cyber-forensic investigation report was not protected by the attorney work product doctrine and ordered Capital One to produce it...more

Mintz - Employment, Labor & Benefits...

Supreme Court Clarifies Race Discrimination Claims Under 42 U.S.C. § 1981 Must Meet More Stringent “But-For” Causation Standard

Bringing positive news for employers and a welcome distraction from the COVID-19 crisis, the United States Supreme Court recently held that for claims of racial discrimination under Section 1981 of the Civil Rights Act of...more

Dorsey & Whitney LLP

Underwriter Failed to Meet Employer’s Expectations, and thus His FCA Retaliation Burden, at Least in the Eighth Circuit

Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

On Monday, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit affirmed the Eastern District of Missouri’s dismissal of appellant’s retaliation claim under the False Claims Act, as well as his state law wrongful discharge claim...more

Shook, Hardy & Bacon L.L.P.

National Employment Perspective | Focus on Discrimination

Supreme Court Issues Unanimous Opinion Upholding But-For Causation in Section 1981 Discrimination Cases - The U.S. Supreme Court has issued a unanimous opinion holding that a plaintiff who sues for racial discrimination in...more

Kelley Drye & Warren LLP

It is Now Easier For Federal Workers to Prove Age Bias

Last week, the US Supreme Court made it easier for a federal worker to establish a claim for age bias. This decision does not impact private employers, because it relied on the specific language of the federal sector...more

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP

U.S. Supreme Court Says Section 1981 Claims Require ‘But For' Causation

Section 1981 of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race in the making of contracts, including employment contracts. Section 1981 is often used by employees suing for race discrimination as...more

Fisher Phillips

Supreme Court Makes It Easier For Federal Workers To Prove Age Discrimination

Fisher Phillips on

In an 8-to-1 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court just made it easier for federal employees and applicants to prove age discrimination by ruling that courts should not apply a heightened causation standard in such cases. By...more

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JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

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Collection of Information

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We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

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How is your information shared?

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How We Protect Your Information

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Children's Information

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Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
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You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com. We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

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There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

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JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

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Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit http://www.aboutcookies.org which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

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