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Equal Protection

The Equal Protection Clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that provides that "no state shall...deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the... more +
The Equal Protection Clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that provides that "no state shall...deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." Essentially, the Equal Protection Clause provides that the government must treat an individual the same way that it treats other individuals in the same circumstances. The 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause applies only to state governments, but the requirements of the clause apply to the federal government through the Due Process Clause of the 5th Amendment. less -

Additional Eruv Disputes in New Jersey

We recently posted about a lawsuit filed by Bergen Rockland Eruv Association, Inc. (“BREA”) against the Township of Mahwah, New Jersey, regarding a dispute over the expansion of an eruv. Since then, eruv disputes have evoked...more

City’s Refusal to Permit Private Religious School in Business District Does Not Violate RLUIPA

A federal court has issued another decision in the longstanding RLUIPA battle between the City of Upper Arlington, Ohio (“City”) and Tree of Life Christian Schools (“TLC”). For a second time, a federal court in the Southern...more

Supreme Court Considering Whether to Limit the “Business of Rigging Elections”

by Womble Bond Dickinson on

On January 27, 1998, the Winston-Salem Journal featured an article discussing the lack of competitive Congressional races in North Carolina. John Hoeffel, Six Incumbents Are a Week Away From Easy Election, Winston-Salem...more

Kenyan Church Claims Baltimore County’s Land Use Regulations Impose Substantial Burden

Last week, Jesus Christ is the Answer Ministries, Inc. (the “Church”), a nondenominational Christian church in Baltimore County, Maryland, and the Church’s pastor, Reverend Lucy Ware, filed suit against Baltimore County,...more

Arizona Supreme Court Decides Parentage of Children born in Same Sex Marriages

by Jaburg Wilk on

On September 19, 2017, the Arizona Supreme Court delivered its decision in McLaughlin vs. Jones, (CV-16-0266-PR) answering the question of whether the statutory presumption of parenthood arising from a marriage applies...more

Reading Tea Leaves from Arguments in Gill v. Whitford: 5 Lessons from an Election Law Revolution

by Sands Anderson PC on

In Wisconsin, legislative assembly elections are like Alice – they’re through the looking glass. After redistricting in 2011, Wisconsin Republicans lost the popular vote for legislative seats with only 49% of the votes cast....more

CMS Unexpectedly Withdraws Three Proposed Rules

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently announced the withdrawal of three proposed rules that, in one case, had been pending since 2014. The first proposed rule that CMS decided to scrap was proposed in...more

Pennsylvania School Funding Question Given Another Chance

by Barley Snyder on

The tricky issue of how the state funds its public schools has new life after a Pennsylvania Supreme Court decision late last week. In the latest chapter in the battle over the system of public school funding in...more

Lawsuit Challenges Adoption Agencies That Refuse to Work with Same-Sex Couples

by Varnum LLP on

2015 was an eventful year for gay rights in Michigan. Most notably, litigation concerning Michigan's ban of same-sex marriage reached the United States Supreme Court, in Obergefell v. Hodges. In a June 26, 2015 decision, a...more

“Trespass is Fine with Us” sayeth the 10th Circuit

by Clark Hill PLC on

Free speech is a cherished constitutional right although not at Berkeley, it seems. Our courts usually bend over backwards to protect it. Over the years, the term “speech” has been stretched to cover not just the spoken word...more

Municipality Prevails in Dispute Over Personal Chapel

The City of Brier, Washington (City) has prevailed over claims that it violated the Religious Land Use & Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA) and other federal law in a dispute over a variance application to construct a...more

Why does the military get to discriminate against the transgender community? Is this even legal?

by Bowditch & Dewey on

This question is the most recent culmination of a long line of military-related issues with the LGBT community that far pre-date the Trump Administration. Historically, the military took the position that transgender people...more

Transgender Rights – Where Does Pennsylvania Fit In?

by Fisher Phillips on

With the recent buzz about President Donald Trump’s removal of federal protections for transgender students that were implemented under the Obama Administration, the states and school systems have been left to determine if...more

Is the Retroactive Statute of Repose for Construction Defect Claims Constitutional?

by Payne & Fears on

With the February 24, 2015, enactment of Assembly Bill 125 (2015 Nevada Laws, Ch. 2), much has changed in the world of residential construction defect litigation. One of the most dramatic shifts has been the reduction of the...more

Federal Courts’ Dismissal of Pre-emption Challenges to Illinois and New York ZEC Nuclear Subsidies Returns Focus to FERC

On July 14, 2017, and July 25, 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, respectively, dismissed challenges to the Illinois and New...more

Seventh Circuit Holds Distressed County Did Not Violate ADEA When It Terminated Rehired Retirees to Preserve Supplemental Health...

by FordHarrison on

On July 26, 2017, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Carson v. Lake County, Indiana affirmed the district court’s order granting summary judgment to the employer on the plaintiffs’ Age...more

Affirmative Action Bombshell: FAQs About The Justice Department’s New College Admissions Project

by Fisher Phillips on

Higher education institutions felt seismic shockwaves yesterday as the New York Times reported that the Trump administration would soon redirect Justice Department resources toward investigating – and possibly suing –...more

Return to Windsor: A Novel Tax Code Correction

by Lewitt Hackman on

Here’s the next chapter in the saga known as Edith Schlain Windsor v. The United States of America. (For a quick recap, please read Tax & Estate Planning – Small Win for Same Sex Couples?). Two representatives of the state...more

Texas Supreme Court Disputes Reach of Obergefell in Employee Benefits Case

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopisis: The Texas Supreme Court held that the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark marriage equality decision, Obergefell v. Hodges, did not dispositively address how far government employers must go in providing...more

Texas Supreme Court Disputes Reach of Obergefell in Employee Benefits Case

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Texas Supreme Court held that the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark marriage equality decision, Obergefell v. Hodges, did not dispositively address how far government employers must go in providing benefits...more

Happy 45th Birthday, Title IX: You’ve Changed A Bit Over The Years

A law was born. On June 23, 1972, President Richard Nixon signed into law Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be...more

Supreme Court 2016-17 Recap

The politics surrounding the appointment of a new justice to the U.S. Supreme Court dominated the news cycle during the 2016-17 term, but the Court’s decisions themselves have been far from controversial. As the term draws to...more

Supreme Court Decides Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358.

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On June 19, 2017, the United States Supreme Court decided Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358, which was consolidated with Ashcroft v. Abbasi, No. 15-1359 and Hasty v. Abbasi, No. 15-1363, holding that detention-policy claims...more

Supreme Court: Gender-Based Distinctions In Immigration Law Violate Equal Protection

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

A federal citizenship statute setting different residency requirements for U.S. citizen fathers and mothers seeking to transmit birthright citizenship to their non-marital children born outside the U.S. violates the Equal...more

Supreme Court Decides Sessions v. Morales-Santana

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On June 12, 2017, the Supreme Court decided Sessions v. Morales-Santana, No. 15-1191, in which it held that an exception to the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1401 et seq., that provides a benefit to children of...more

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