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Equal Protection

The Equal Protection Clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that provides that "no state shall...deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the... more +
The Equal Protection Clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that provides that "no state shall...deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." Essentially, the Equal Protection Clause provides that the government must treat an individual the same way that it treats other individuals in the same circumstances. The 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause applies only to state governments, but the requirements of the clause apply to the federal government through the Due Process Clause of the 5th Amendment. less -

Food and Beverage Law Update: February 2018

by Holland & Knight LLP on

Deceptive Trade Practices - Meat Exporter Had No Duty Under FCA to Pay for Beef Inspection - In United States ex rel. Barrick v. Parker-Migliorini Int'l, LLC, 878 F. 3d 1224 (10th Cir. 2017), the court affirmed...more

Allenhurst, NJ Sued Under RLUIPA One Day and Settles the Next

The Borough of Allenhurst, New Jersey has settled a lawsuit against an Orthodox Jewish group just one day after the group filed suit in federal court alleging violations of RLUIPA’s unreasonable limits and exclusions and...more

Supreme Court Birthright-Citizenship Decision Not Retroactive, State Department Clarifies

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

The U.S. Supreme Court ruling that a federal citizenship statute setting different residency requirements for U.S. citizen fathers and mothers violates the Equal Protection Clause will apply only to individuals born on or...more

Supreme Court Not Likely to Rule this Term on Issues Affecting Transgender Students’ Access to Restrooms that Correspond with...

by Husch Blackwell LLP on

The Supreme Court recently lost an opportunity to address important issues affecting transgender students. On August 25, 2017, the Kenosha Unified School District filed a petition for certiorari after the Seventh Circuit...more

Justice (and Lunch) is Served: Second Circuit Holds that Food Truck Branded with Ethnic Slurs is Entitled to First Amendment...

In a recently issued decision, the Second Circuit held that a food truck could not be excluded from a New York State lunch program solely because the truck and the food it sells was branded using ethnic slurs. Wandering Dago,...more

County of Ventura, California’s Permitting Scheme Stricken as Prior Restraint on Free Speech

The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has ruled that Ventura County, California’s conditional use permit (CUP) scheme for “temporary outdoor” events is an unconstitutional prior restraint on free speech. ...more

Church Alleges Religious Discrimination Over Baltimore County’s Conditions on Approval of Development Plan

Maryland and the Board of Appeals of Baltimore County (together, “Baltimore County”), challenging Baltimore County’s conditional approval of the Church’s development plan, which sought to expand an existing house of worship. ...more

SCOTUS Declines To Address Texas Supreme Court Ruling Limiting Reach of Obergefell

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Supreme Court announced that it would not hear an appeal from the City of Houston in a case challenging the city’s ability to offer spousal benefits to same-sex spouses of municipal employees. By...more

Religious Institutions Update: November 2017 - Lex Est Sanctio Sancta

by Holland & Knight LLP on

Timely Topics - Serious data breaches have become routine in the United States, yet a recent survey shows that the majority of religious institutions do not have a full-time IT professional, have no system to detect a...more

Additional Eruv Disputes in New Jersey

We recently posted about a lawsuit filed by Bergen Rockland Eruv Association, Inc. (“BREA”) against the Township of Mahwah, New Jersey, regarding a dispute over the expansion of an eruv. Since then, eruv disputes have evoked...more

City’s Refusal to Permit Private Religious School in Business District Does Not Violate RLUIPA

A federal court has issued another decision in the longstanding RLUIPA battle between the City of Upper Arlington, Ohio (“City”) and Tree of Life Christian Schools (“TLC”). For a second time, a federal court in the Southern...more

Supreme Court Considering Whether to Limit the “Business of Rigging Elections”

by Womble Bond Dickinson on

On January 27, 1998, the Winston-Salem Journal featured an article discussing the lack of competitive Congressional races in North Carolina. John Hoeffel, Six Incumbents Are a Week Away From Easy Election, Winston-Salem...more

Kenyan Church Claims Baltimore County’s Land Use Regulations Impose Substantial Burden

Last week, Jesus Christ is the Answer Ministries, Inc. (the “Church”), a nondenominational Christian church in Baltimore County, Maryland, and the Church’s pastor, Reverend Lucy Ware, filed suit against Baltimore County,...more

Arizona Supreme Court Decides Parentage of Children born in Same Sex Marriages

by Jaburg Wilk on

On September 19, 2017, the Arizona Supreme Court delivered its decision in McLaughlin vs. Jones, (CV-16-0266-PR) answering the question of whether the statutory presumption of parenthood arising from a marriage applies...more

Reading Tea Leaves from Arguments in Gill v. Whitford: 5 Lessons from an Election Law Revolution

by Sands Anderson PC on

In Wisconsin, legislative assembly elections are like Alice – they’re through the looking glass. After redistricting in 2011, Wisconsin Republicans lost the popular vote for legislative seats with only 49% of the votes cast....more

CMS Unexpectedly Withdraws Three Proposed Rules

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently announced the withdrawal of three proposed rules that, in one case, had been pending since 2014. The first proposed rule that CMS decided to scrap was proposed in...more

Pennsylvania School Funding Question Given Another Chance

by Barley Snyder on

The tricky issue of how the state funds its public schools has new life after a Pennsylvania Supreme Court decision late last week. In the latest chapter in the battle over the system of public school funding in...more

Lawsuit Challenges Adoption Agencies That Refuse to Work with Same-Sex Couples

by Varnum LLP on

2015 was an eventful year for gay rights in Michigan. Most notably, litigation concerning Michigan's ban of same-sex marriage reached the United States Supreme Court, in Obergefell v. Hodges. In a June 26, 2015 decision, a...more

“Trespass is Fine with Us” sayeth the 10th Circuit

by Clark Hill PLC on

Free speech is a cherished constitutional right although not at Berkeley, it seems. Our courts usually bend over backwards to protect it. Over the years, the term “speech” has been stretched to cover not just the spoken word...more

Municipality Prevails in Dispute Over Personal Chapel

The City of Brier, Washington (City) has prevailed over claims that it violated the Religious Land Use & Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA) and other federal law in a dispute over a variance application to construct a...more

Why does the military get to discriminate against the transgender community? Is this even legal?

by Bowditch & Dewey on

This question is the most recent culmination of a long line of military-related issues with the LGBT community that far pre-date the Trump Administration. Historically, the military took the position that transgender people...more

Transgender Rights – Where Does Pennsylvania Fit In?

by Fisher Phillips on

With the recent buzz about President Donald Trump’s removal of federal protections for transgender students that were implemented under the Obama Administration, the states and school systems have been left to determine if...more

Is the Retroactive Statute of Repose for Construction Defect Claims Constitutional?

by Payne & Fears on

With the February 24, 2015, enactment of Assembly Bill 125 (2015 Nevada Laws, Ch. 2), much has changed in the world of residential construction defect litigation. One of the most dramatic shifts has been the reduction of the...more

Federal Courts’ Dismissal of Pre-emption Challenges to Illinois and New York ZEC Nuclear Subsidies Returns Focus to FERC

On July 14, 2017, and July 25, 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, respectively, dismissed challenges to the Illinois and New...more

Seventh Circuit Holds Distressed County Did Not Violate ADEA When It Terminated Rehired Retirees to Preserve Supplemental Health...

by FordHarrison on

On July 26, 2017, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Carson v. Lake County, Indiana affirmed the district court’s order granting summary judgment to the employer on the plaintiffs’ Age...more

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