Labor & Employment Constitutional Law

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Supreme Court to Determine if Offer of Relief to Named Plaintiff Moots Class Action

Over the past several years, employers defending wage and other class action lawsuits have increasingly used a procedural move intended to defeat the class claim. In these cases, the employer offers complete financial and...more

Teacher Discipline Pursuant to §3020-a of the New York State Education Law: Significant Changes

Several years ago, there were changes made to §3020-a intended to streamline the process of disciplining a tenured teacher/administrator. Effective July 1, 2015, even more significant changes have been made to the statute...more

Eraser Laws: Forgetting a Minor's Past to Save His Future

Hector recently graduated from UC Berkeley and is anxious about his upcoming job interview. He is about to enter the adult world. But he has also got a bigger problem: When he was 17, he was not as wise as he is now at the...more

Illinois Circuit Court Dismisses Challenge to Retained Job EDGE Credits

Corporations with Illinois Economic Development for a Growing Economy (EDGE) credit agreements giving credit for retained jobs can breathe a sigh of relief: The litigation challenging the state’s ability to grant EDGE credits...more

Supreme Court Rules on Limits of State Taxing Authority – Refund Claims in Order

In Comptroller v. Wynne, the Supreme Court ruled that individuals who earn income in states in which they do not reside may be entitled to refunds if the taxes they pay to the nonresident state are not fully creditable...more

Supreme Court Ruling Could Alter Class Action Landscape

The U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to decide a case that could alter the landscape of federal class action litigation. Granting the defendant’s petition for certiorari in Campbell-Ewald Company v. Gomez, the Court will review...more

Supreme Court Mandates State Income Tax Credits, Pretty Much

Maryland imposes income taxes on its residents. There is a state level income tax, and a county level tax. If a Maryland resident incurs income in other states and pays state income tax to those other states, there is a...more

A Looming Crisis: Illinois Supreme Court Strikes Down Statute Reducing Benefits

On May 8, 2015, the Supreme Court of the State of Illinois struck down recently enacted state public pension reform legislation on the grounds that the legislation violated the “pension protection clause” of the Illinois...more

Genesis Healthcare May Be Merely the First Book in Bible on Mooting Class/Collective Actions

In the beginning, the U.S. Supreme Court decided in Genesis Healthcare that an FLSA case is moot when the plaintiff accepts an offer of full relief. As we noted in our previous blog, the decision left open, however, the...more

Taxpayer Wynne’s: Supreme Court Rules Maryland Personal Income Tax Violates Constitution

This morning the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Maryland’s personal income tax regime is unconstitutional. By failing to provide a full credit to its residents for taxes paid to other states, Maryland unconstitutionally...more

Wynne Court Holds That Internal Consistency Lives, Applies to Taxation of Resident

A divided U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Maryland’s personal income tax regime is unconstitutional. Comptroller of the Treasury v. Wynne, 575 U.S. __ (2015). The Court affirmed the Maryland Court of Appeals in a 5-4 decision...more

Supreme Court decides Comptroller of the Treasury of Maryland v. Wynne

On May 18, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Comptroller of the Treasury of Maryland v. Wynne, (No. 13-485), holding that Maryland’s personal-income-tax scheme, which does not give state residents a full credit for income...more

Federal Court Upholds Federal Contractor Union Notice Requirement

A federal court in the District of Columbia has upheld the validity of the Department of Labor's (DOL) rule requiring covered federal contractors to post a notice informing employees of their rights under the National Labor...more

Changing the Rules in the Middle of the Game: Oregon Supreme Court Allows Prospective Modifications to Public Pension Benefits

The national debate on public pension plans is beginning to resonate in the court system. On April 30, 2015, the Oregon Supreme Court ruled on the constitutionality of two legislative amendments that modified certain benefits...more

Illinois Federal Court Addresses Lawsuit by Christian Leafletter on Public School Property

In a recent decision in the Northern District of Illinois, a trial court granted summary judgment in favor of a school district in a lawsuit stemming from the arrest of a local resident who was leafleting and proselytizing...more

SCOTUS to Consider Whether FCRA Violation Confers Article III Standing on Individual

On April 27, 2015 the Supreme Court of the United States granted certiorari on a petition filed by Spokeo, Inc., asking the court to review the Ninth Circuit opinion in Robins v. Spokeo, Inc., 742 F.3d 409 (9th Cir. 2014). ...more

Same-Sex Marriage Issues for Employers

In the case of Searcy v. Strange, 2015 WL 328825 (S.D. Ala Jan. 25, 2015), the federal Court for the Southern District of Alabama held that Alabama's ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional. Alabama news headlines have...more

Same-Sex Marriage Bans As Sex Discrimination: The Potential Impact On Plan Sponsors And Employers

In last week’s oral argument on the constitutionality of same-sex marriage bans, Chief Justice Roberts asked the following question: Counsel, I’m not sure it’s necessary to get into sexual orientation to resolve the...more

The Future Of ERISA Litigation — Sleeper Supreme Court Case is Worth Watching Carefully

ERISA sets forth complex reporting, disclosure, vesting and funding rules for most private sector employee benefit plans. It also provides a private claim upon which relief may be granted in federal court for violations of...more

Illinois Supreme Court Rules Pension Reform Unconstitutional

On Friday, the Illinois Supreme Court ruled that pension reform legislation passed in 2013, commonly referred to as Senate Bill 1, violates the pension protection clause of the Illinois Constitution. The Court upheld a...more

Unanimous Illinois Supreme Court Strikes Down State Public Pension Reform Act

As we predicted, the Illinois Supreme Court has unanimously struck down the state Public Pension Reform Act. The Court’s opinion was written by Justice Lloyd Karmeier....more

Under the Dome: Inside the Maine State House

Under the Dome: Inside the Maine State House provides a high-level overview of recent activity at the Maine State House. Budget Update - Late Thursday afternoon, Governor LePage released a change package to his...more

Privacy and Other Issues Presented by Body Cameras

Body cameras are becoming part of the uniform for certain professionals including police officers and service personnel. These cameras are more than an extension of dashboard cameras for law enforcement; they are more...more

Employment Law in Columbia: Part I

Columbia, a country located in the Northwest portion of South America, with a population of approximately 46 million, has started to overcome its reputation for drug trafficking and violent crime and has transitioned to a...more

Same-Sex Marriage Bans As Sex Discrimination: The potential impact on plan sponsors

In last week’s oral argument on the constitutionality of same-sex marriage bans, Chief Justice Roberts asked the following question: Counsel, I’m, I’m not sure it’s necessary to get into sexual orientation to resolve...more

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