Labor & Employment Constitutional Law

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What Has Fahlen Wrought?

The California Supreme Court's decision in Fahlen v. Sutter Central Valley Hospitals has confirmed (not created) a sea change in the relations between hospitals and their medical staffs on the one hand, and physicians on such...more

Municipal Bond Market Absorbs Puerto Rico Supreme Court’s Decision that Teacher Pension Reform Legislation is Unconstitutional...

The latest swerve in the rollercoaster that is Puerto Rico public finance occurred on April 11 with the release of the Puerto Rico Supreme Court’s ruling striking down as unconstitutional the bulk of the territory’s teacher...more

Illinois Supreme Court Strikes Down Eavesdropping Statute as Overly Broad

The Illinois Supreme Court recently issued two opinions that together invalidated Illinois’ eavesdropping statute, 720 ILCS 5/14-2. The statute, which is part of the Illinois Criminal Code, prohibits a person from “knowingly...more

Can An Employer Force Out An Employee For Unpopular Political Views: The Brendan Eich Story

Brendan Eich resigned his post as CEO of Mozilla, a California-based company, in early April after just 14 days on the job. The reason for his sudden departure and short tenure? It became public that in 2008, Eich...more

The Assault on the ACA Continues in the Federal Appeals Courts

Combative oral arguments were seen in two high profile federal court challenges to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA). The Supreme Court of the United States heard a vigorous oral argument...more

IRS Issues Additional Guidance On The Treatment Of Same-Sex Spouses For Retirement Plan Purposes

IRS Notice 2014-19 provides long-awaited guidance on the application of the decision in United States v. Windsor to retirement plans qualified under Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) Section 401(a). For tax-qualification...more

Affordable Care Act Update April 7, 2014: High Courts Vet Key Provisions Of The Affordable Care Act Government Extends Enrollment...

March 2014 has produced quite a bit of activity regarding the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ("ACA"). On March 24, 2014, oral argument was held in the latest challenges to the ACA in Sebelius v. Hobby Lobby...more

Religious Institutions Update - April 2014

Does a closely held for-profit corporation have a constitutionally or statutorily protected right to exercise religion under the Free Exercise Clause or the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (RFRA)? The U.S. Supreme...more

French Constitutional Court Rules on the “Florange” Law

Court upholds some of the law’s requirements but deems provisions on sanctions to be unconstitutional. The French Constitutional Court rendered an important decision on 27 March regarding the validity of the so-called...more

Religious Freedom, Contraceptive Services, and The ACA: The Dilemma of the Self-Certification Provision

On February 21, 2014, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-to-1 decision, denied a preliminary injunction enjoining the federal government from enforcing the self-certification provisions of the Affordable Care Act...more

White Collar Watch - March 2014

In This Issue: - SEC at odds with Siemens over whether whistleblower protections extend to employees who report wrongdoing directly to their companies - Fourth Circuit decision tolling False Claims Act statute...more

Illinois Supreme Court Strikes Down Prohibition on Non-Consensual Audio Recordings, Raising New Issues for Employers

Illinois employers had been able to rely upon Illinois' prohibition against all non-consensual recording of conversations, whether private or not. As of March 20, 2014, that prohibition no longer exists. ...more

Impact On Employers And Schools Of Illinois Supreme Court’s Rejection Of Eavesdropping Law

Employers, schools, and other entities have long relied on the Illinois Eavesdropping Act to prohibit individuals from recording conversations, meetings, classes, and other activities without the consent of all participants....more

Ninth Circuit “Chases” Away Another Option for Removing PAGA Actions to Federal Court

In yet another setback for employers seeking to remove California wage and hour cases to federal court, the Ninth Circuit held that the federal Class Action Fairness Act (“CAFA”) provides federal courts with no basis to...more

Due for review? The Allstate Insurance Co. v. Jacobsen certiorari petition frames state-court class action due process debate for...

Almost three decades ago, the U.S. Supreme Court explained that state courts had to extend fundamental due process protections to absent class action members. Now, a new petition for certiorari review presents the Court with...more

Illinois High Court Affirms Viability of Construction Industry Classification Law

The Illinois Supreme Court recently rejected a constitutional challenge by a roofing contractor who alleged the Illinois Employee Classification Act (ECA) violates procedural due process rights and is impermissibly vague. The...more

Top 5 Legal Trends For Hospitality Employers

There is much to be learned from 2013. Below are five legal topics that made headlines last year, and should provide valuable guidance for managing labor and employment law issues in 2014....more

High Court Employee Benefits Cases: A Review and Look Ahead

Having settled into the new year, we reflect on decisions from the U.S. Supreme Court in 2013 that are likely to have a significant impact in the world of pension and welfare employee benefits and, in some cases, already have...more

Shaking Down the Thunder from the Sky: Notre Dame’s Challenge to the Contraception Mandate

The Supreme Court will inevitably decide to what extent the Religious Freedom Restoration Act protects religiously affiliated employers from providing insurance coverage for contraceptive services, as is generally required...more

Illinois Supreme Court Upholds One of the Nation’s Strictest Worker Misclassification Laws; Employers May Face Millions of Dollars...

Worker misclassification is now a bet-the-company issue. On February 21, 2004, the Illinois Supreme Court rejected a constitutional challenge to Illinois’s Employee Classification Act (the “ECA”), a law that defines...more

Second Circuit Holds That New York City Commission On Human Rights’ Procedures Satisfy Constitutional Due Process

Rosu v. City of New York, No. 13-cv-243 (2d Cir. Feb. 7, 2014): Underlying this case, Mircea Rosu filed a complaint with the New York City Commission on Human Rights alleging that his manager and coworkers discriminated...more

Supreme Court to Review Constitutionality of Employer Contraception Mandate

Last week, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review another challenge to a portion of the Affordable Care Act. Hobby Lobby, a chain of crafts and hobby stores sued, challenging the ACA’s provision which mandates that...more

Illinois Supreme Court Debates Jurisdiction Over Pension Dispute

The Illinois Supreme Court seemed conflicted during an extremely active oral argument in late January in the high-profile pension case People ex rel. Madigan v. Burge. Burge poses the following issue: can the Attorney General...more

Illinois Supreme Court Upholds Employee Classification Act

Yesterday in Bartlow v. Costigan, a unanimous Illinois Supreme Court took a pass, for the most part, on deciding constitutional challenges to provisions of the Employee Classification Act which were amended by the legislature...more

Mirabilio v. Regional School District 16: Reduction in Hours v. Termination of Employment

In these fiscal times, school districts are confronted with difficult choices in restructuring their teaching workforce, with districts often having to consider the elimination of teaching positions. A recent court case...more

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