Labor & Employment Constitutional Law

Read need-to-know updates, commentary, and analysis on Labor & Employment issues written by leading professionals.
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U.S. Supreme Court Rules WARN Claimants/Workers Must Get Priority Over Other Unsecured Creditors In Bankruptcy

Seyfarth Synopsis: A bankruptcy court overseeing an employer’s Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceeding allowed the employer to pay certain unsecured creditors before paying Worker Adjustment And Retraining Notification Act (“WARN”)...more

District Court Grants Motion To Dismiss Because FCRA Plaintiff Failed To Allege Concrete Injuries

On March 1, 2017, the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota granted a motion to dismiss a lawsuit predicated on alleged violations of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA” or the “Act”). If a person...more

U.S. Supreme Court Strikes Down Appointment of Former NLRB Acting General Counsel

On March 21, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the D.C. Circuit’s holding that Lafe Solomon, who was appointed by former President Barack Obama to serve as acting general counsel to the NLRB in June 2010 when the prior...more

Supreme Court Holds that Lafe Solomon Improperly Served as NLRB General Counsel

The Supreme Court has dealt another blow to the stability of the National Labor Relations Board. In a 6-2 decision, in, National Labor Relations Board v. SW General, Inc. DBA Southwest Ambulance, USSC Case No. 15-1251 (March...more

Supreme Court Uses Labor Case To Again Stifle Presidential Power

In a decision released today, a 6 to 2 majority of the Supreme Court restricted the president’s power to fill high-level administrative positions without the Senate’s advice and consent, handing a victory to an employer in a...more

The Supreme Court - March, 2017 #2

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in three cases today: SCA Hygiene Products Aktiebolag v. First Quality Baby Products, LLC, No. 15-927: Petitioner SCA Hygiene Products Aktiebolag (“SCA”) brought a...more

US: Guns at Work: The Implications of the Fifth Circuit’s Recent Decision in Swindol v. Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation

The US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit’s recent decision in Swindol v. Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation casts new doubt on the enforceability of employer policies prohibiting employees from carrying firearms onto...more

Ohio State and Federal Courts Find No Standing to Assert Technical Violations of the FCRA’s Background Check Disclosure...

Ohio courts have recently weighed in on a hotly litigated issue related to procurement of background checks on current or prospective employees: do employees have standing to sue employers where the employer fails to provide...more

Federal Appeals Court Upholds Dismissal of Public Employee For Failing Random Drug Test

The Unified Government of Wyandotte County/Kansas City, Kansas did not violate a public employee’s Fourth Amendment rights by requiring the employee to submit to a random drug test or by terminating his employment when he...more

Immigration Fact or Fiction for the U.S. Employer: CBP Searching Electronic Devices – A New Thing?

There has been heightened interest and concern regarding the potential for U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to search laptops and smart phones at the port of entry, due to the mention of such searches in one of...more

UPDATE: Federal Judge in Hawaii Temporarily Freezes New Executive Order on Immigration

On March 15, 2017, a federal judge in Hawaii froze President Trump’s March 6, 2017 executive order. The ruling suspends the executive order just one day before it was set to go into effect on March 16, 2017. ...more

Déjà Vu All Over Again? Federal Court Blocks Trump’s Second Travel Ban

In the most stinging legal rebuke yet to President Trump’s efforts to bar certain immigrants from reaching the country’s shores, a federal judge in Hawaii late Wednesday ordered the president’s second travel ban be...more

How Does Ohio’s New Gun Law Affect You?

On March 21, 2017, a new gun law goes into effect in Ohio that will expand the rights of concealed carry permit holders, allow active duty members of the armed forces to carry weapons without a concealed carry license under...more

The Prop 206 Saga Continues: Arizona Supreme Court Unanimously Rejects Constitutional Challenge

Last December, I wrote about a lawsuit before the Arizona Supreme Court challenging Proposition 206, the minimum wage and paid sick time referendum that instantly raised the Arizona minimum wage to $10 per hour and created a...more

New Ohio Law Provides Limited Exception To Employer’s Right To Prohibit Firearms On Its Premises

On March 21, 2017, Ohio Senate Bill 199 will go into effect as Ohio Revised Code §2923.1210, which expands the rights of employees with valid concealed handgun licenses to transport and store a firearm and ammunition on an...more

Workplace Discrimination and Gun Rights: The Confluence of Two Hot Button Issues in Pennsylvania

On January 23, 2017, a noteworthy and interesting bill was introduced in the Pennsylvania General Assembly. House Bill 38, which was introduced and sponsored by fifteen (15) State Representatives, is aimed at expanding the...more

Compliance Rules for Out-of-State Garnishments

A frequent bone of contention for employees/debtors has to do with the implementation of out-of-state garnishments. The employee often threatens to sue the employer claiming that an out-of-state garnishment is not valid...more

Utah employee had no constitutional right to continued employment

Public employees who have a right to continued employ­ment enjoy constitutional due-process protections that run-of-the-mill at-will employees do not. How can a public employer know if one of its employees enjoys...more

Expanded Concealed Carry Rights for Employees Go Into Effect on March 20, 2017

Ohio legislation expanding concealed carry laws will take effect on March 20, 2017. In December of last year, Governor Kasich signed into law Senate Bill 199, which allows employees with a valid concealed carry license to...more

Employment Law - February 2017

Ninth Circuit Sends Employment Dispute to Arbitration - Why it matters - The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit sent an employment dispute to arbitration, reversing a denial of the employer's motion to...more

Bare Statutory Violation of FCRA Fails to Satisfy Standing Requirements Post-Spokeo, Says District of New Jersey in Suit Over...

Michaels escaped a potential class action alleging Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”) violations late last month when a federal judge found the United States Supreme Court’s recent decision in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robbins, 136 S....more

Mexico Finalizes Significant Changes to Its Labor Justice System

On February 24, 2017, Mexico’s Official Gazette of the Federation (known as the Diario Oficial de la Federación or DOF) published a decree that reformed and added several dispositions of Articles 107 and 123 of the Mexican...more

Money Talks: NY DOL Adopts Regulations on Employee Discussion of Wages

Seyfarth Synopsis: New regulations from the NY Department of Labor clarify employers’ ability to limit employees’ discussion of wages. The New York Department of Labor has promulgated regulations that permit employers to...more

D.C. Circuit Grants En Banc Review on the Constitutionality of the CFPB Leadership Structure

CFPB Director Richard Cordray has a little more job security this week than last week. On February 16, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia granted the CFPB’s request for an en banc review of its...more

Tenth Circuit Upholds Discharge of Employee in Safety-Sensitive Position Who Tested Positive for Cocaine

On February 6, 2017, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that Wyandotte County, Kansas, did not violate the U.S. Constitution by discharging an employee in a safety-sensitive position after he tested positive for cocaine...more

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