Criminal Background Checks Fair Credit Reporting Act

News & Analysis as of

CFPB’s Message to Employment Background Screening Providers: A Rose by Any Other Middle Name is Probably the Wrong Person

On October 29, the CFPB took action against two of the country’s largest employment background screening report providers for violations of the FCRA. This is one of the CFPB’s most significant FCRA actions to date, following...more

New York City Fair Chance Act

New York City’s Fair Chance Act took effect last week, amending the New York City Human Rights Law by prohibiting covered employers from asking about criminal history until after a conditional offer of employment has been...more

The Fair Credit Reporting Act: Misnamed but Mischievous

While its name might indicate that it is aimed at credit checks, the Fair Credit Reporting Act also regulates employer background checks. Indeed, the FCRA contains a number of potential traps for employers that a new wave of...more

Employment Law - October 2015 #3

New California Employment Laws on Fair Pay, Waiver of Meal Periods - Why it matters: California continues its focus on employment-related legislation. Touted as the toughest law of its kind in the nation, Senate...more

New York City Severely Limits Employers' Right to Background Checks - Recent Legislation "Bans the Box" and Forbids Credit Checks...

Employers in New York City (NYC) now face restrictions on the types of information they can seek about prospective employees, either through job applications, interviews, independent research or background checks. This is due...more

Amazon’s motion for summary judgment denied in FCRA class action suit

U.S. District Judge Gary Feinerman denied Amazon, Inc.’s (Amazon) motion for summary judgment on October 7, 2015, in Illinois federal court, in a class action case over alleged violations of the Fair Credit Reporting Act...more

Judge finds Genesis Healthcare free of any FCRA violations

On October 1, 2015, U.S. District Judge Mark Kearney rules that Genesis Healthcare LLC (Genesis) did not violate the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) when it employed a third party to conduct a criminal history background...more

Employment Law - October 2015

FTC Offers Employers Lesson in FCRA Compliance—And Limited Exceptions - Why it matters: A California employer recently received a lesson in Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) compliance from the Federal Trade...more

The Fair Chance Act And Stop Credit Discrimination In Employment Act--New Interpretations From The NYCCHR

Earlier this year, the New York City Council passed two laws which place limitations on an employer’s ability to use background checks including credit checks (otherwise known as consumer reports) in employment decisions: the...more

NYC Commission on Human Rights Explains New NYC Background Check Laws

We were pleased to host a program on September 28, 2015 on New York City’s two new background check laws, the Stop Credit Discrimination in Employment Act and the Fair Chance Act. Paul Keefe, Supervising Attorney at the NYC...more

FCRA Class Action Suits on the Rise

It is a common practice for employers to check criminal backgrounds or credit ratings of potential, and sometimes current, employees. Background checks that provide this type of information are helpful to employers when...more

EEOC Settles Background Check Litigation with BMW, But Also Faces Steep Attorneys’ Fees in Freeman Case

After several high-profile setbacks in disparate impact discrimination lawsuits challenging criminal record screening policies, the EEOC has entered into a settlement (consent decree) in one of its few remaining cases, a...more

The Background Check Conundrum: “Manufacturing” a Problem (Pun Intended)

I am a longtime advocate of pre-employment criminal background checks. So I have watched with resigned acceptance as the EEOC, over 100 states and cities across the United States, and other public advocates have fought to...more

Two New NYC Statutes Constrain Hiring Process - Hedge Up - A Heads-Up on Employment Issues Confronting the Hedge Fund Industry

If you read one thing... - Two new employment statutes place additional burden on New York City firms during prospective employee screening and provide fodder for the plaintiffs’ bar - Credit history and...more

Court Orders EEOC To Pay Employer Nearly $1 Million In Attorneys' Fees And Costs, Finds EEOC Pursued Case Long After It Was Clear...

Employers often criticize the EEOC’s position on employers’ use of background checks in the application process as increasing exposure for disparate treatment claims from applicants and as being willfully blind to legitimate...more

State Appellate Court Considers Employer’s Duty to Conduct Criminal Background Checks

In the last few years, there has been a significant spike in the number of lawsuits challenging employer use of criminal background checks, including class action lawsuits brought under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act. ...more

Using Consumer Reports for Hiring Decisions Creates Unanticipated Litigation Risk for Employers

When employers obtain a consumer report for employment purposes, §1681b(b)(3)(A) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (the “FCRA”) requires issuance of a pre-adverse action notice to the subject of the report (the “consumer”) if...more

Employment Law Reporter – August 2015

THE INCREASING DANGER OF BACKGROUND CHECKS - New Laws and Emerging Privacy Rights Complicate an Already Difficult Process. The intersection of privacy laws and employment practices can be a dangerous one. Employers...more

What U.S. Multinational Employers Need to Know about Background Checks

Employers often run background checks on their applicants and employees in order to protect the workplace and to assemble a good and trustworthy workforce. For U.S.-based employers with operations overseas, the legal...more

Using Criminal Convictions in the Hire Process: A Hobson's Choice for Employers?

Is the government really telling employers that they are not allowed to disqualify an applicant because of past criminal activity? In a word, yes. That is increasingly becoming the case on the state level and has been the...more

Private-Sector Employers Doing Business with Local Governments may be Subject to Even More Ban-the-Box and Other Laws Restricting...

In 1998 Hawaii became the first state to pass a so-called "ban-the-box" law, prohibiting both private- and public-sector employers from inquiring about an applicant's conviction history until after the employer makes a...more

That's A Lotta Cheddar: Pizza Chain Pays Big to End Background Check Case

The parent company of Chuck E. Cheese's restaurants, CEC Entertainment, Inc., has agreed to pay $1.75M to settle a class action lawsuit in California brought by applicants who claimed the company provided improper background...more

Georgia Enacts “Mini”-FCRA

For more than four decades, the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”) has regulated consumer reporting agencies (“CRAs”) that furnish consumer reports (i.e., background checks) to third parties such as employers. Over...more

New York City Bars Employers from Considering Criminal History before Extending a Job Offer

On June 29, 2015, Mayor de Blasio signed the Fair Chance Act, a new law that generally prohibits New York City employers from discriminating against job applicants with a criminal record and that prohibits inquiries about...more

Background Screening Companies May Now Report Convictions Older Than Seven Years in Nevada

Under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), background screening companies (or consumer reporting agencies) are generally prohibited from reporting certain types of derogatory information that the FCRA considers to be...more

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