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Fourth Amendment

The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth... more +
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth Amendment applies to the States via the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.  Important areas of Fourth Amendment jurisprudence flow from questions surrounding the definitions of "search" and "seizure," the applicability of the Amendment to so-called "stop and frisk" situations, the level of control that must be exerted by law enforcement before an individual is deemed "seized," and the "exclusionary rule," just to name a few.    less -

Supreme Court's Refusal Keeps Electronic Logging Device Rule on Track

by Holland & Knight LLP on

In an earlier article (see Holland & Knight's alert, "Is There an Opening to Withdraw or Modify Electronic Logging Device Rule?," Jan. 13, 2017), we described the controversial final Electronic Logging Device (ELD) rule,...more

OFCCP, Google Awaiting A Decision

The hearing on the lawsuit filed by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs against Google concluded on Friday, May 26, in San Francisco. As I’ve reported , the OFCCP is seeking historical pay data as well as names...more

Supreme Court Decides Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358.

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On June 19, 2017, the United States Supreme Court decided Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358, which was consolidated with Ashcroft v. Abbasi, No. 15-1359 and Hasty v. Abbasi, No. 15-1363, holding that detention-policy claims...more

United States Supreme Court Shuts Down Ninth Circuit’s "Provocation Rule"

In an October 2010 use of force case arising out of an incident in Los Angeles County, the Ninth Circuit attempt to expand officer liability with the “Provocation Rule” was struck down by the United States Supreme Court....more

County of Los Angeles v. Mendez

U.S. Supreme Court Rejects Ninth Circuit’s “Provocation Rule” - The Ninth Circuit’s provocation rule makes an officer’s otherwise reasonable use of force unreasonable if (1) the officer “intentionally or recklessly...more

The “Third Party” Catch-22

by Ifrah PLLC on

As the Department of Justice has been doubling down on law enforcement overreach, the Supreme Court has just decided to hear a case that may limit the use of a common tool that law enforcement uses to infringe upon the...more

Electronics Ban for U.S.-Bound Flights May Extend to 71 Airports

by Cozen O'Connor on

On June 7, 2017 The U.S. Department of Homeland Security chief told a House panel that the federal government is considering an expansion of its ban on large electronics, like laptops, in carry-on bags from the 10 current...more

Attorney-Client Privilege and Corporate E-Mail: Navigating the Morass of Personal Communications in Investigations

by King & Spalding on

Experienced practitioners know that the purpose of the attorney-client privilege is to protect the confidentiality of client communications. Thus, as company policies that allow monitoring of emails or provide third party...more

Carpenters, Carriers, and Cell-Sites (Oh My!): SCOTUS to Hear Mobile Locational Privacy Case

by Kelley Drye & Warren LLP on

On June 5, 2017, the United States Supreme Court granted cert in Carpenter v. United States, a case in the hotly contested area of mobile cellular location data privacy. The question before the Court is whether law...more

U.S. Supreme Court Will Hear Mobile Phone Privacy Case

The United States Supreme Court has just agreed to hear the case of a Detroit man who was sentenced to 116 years in prison after data from his own cellular phone was used against him at his trial for his role in a string of...more

Exigent Circumstances Under the Fourth Amendment May Extend to the Need to Interview an Arrestee in Place

In a split decision in United States v. Delva, No. 15-cr-683 (Kearse, Winter, Jacobs), the Second Circuit held that the Fourth Amendment allowed law enforcement officers to seize cell phones and a number of letters that were...more

Second Circuit Provides Primer on Criminal Procedure in Methamphetamine Case

United States v. Lyle - In United States v. Lyle, 15-958-cr (Raggi, Chin, Lohier), the Second Circuit covered an array of criminal procedure issues—including the Fourth Amendment concerns associated with rental car...more

Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals Allows Wikimedia Upstream Suit to Proceed

by Alston & Bird on

On May 23, 2017, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals issued its opinion on Wikimedia foundation v. NSA/CSS. The Court vacated and remanded the NSA’s previously successful motion to dismiss Wikimedia’s Fourth and First...more

When Can a School Search a Student’s Bag?

by Reminger Co., LPA on

Last week the Ohio Supreme Court unanimously ruled that a school’s intrusive search of an unattended bag did not violate a student’s 4th Amendment right to be free from illegal search and seizures because the examination of...more

Here’s More On That Google-OFCCP Donnybrook*

*Donnybrook: Named for the Donnybrook Fair near Dublin, “a notoriously disorderly event, held annually from 1204 until the middle of the 19th century.” Meaning a “free-for-all; brawl; a usually public quarrel or...more

Warrant Needed for “Black Box” Data in Florida

by Wilson Elser on

In a case of first impression in Florida, a split appellate court in State of Florida v. Charles Wiley Worsham Jr., No. 4D15-2733 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. Mar. 29, 2017), held that a warrant was necessary before law enforcement...more

Blurring The Line Between Foreign and Domestic: The Expansion of Search Warrant Powers Overseas

A dispute in California federal court over whether Google must turn over documents stored overseas in response to a search warrant may have major implications for white collar practitioners and their clients. Last week Google...more

OFCCP Versus Google: The Battle Continues.

I posted in January about a lawsuit filed by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs against Google, seeking to force Google to provide detailed information about its equal employment practices and affirmative...more

Florida Court Extends Privacy Rights to Vehicle Black Box

In a case of first impression, the Florida Fourth District Court of Appeal held that police need a warrant to search a vehicle’s black box or event data recorder (EDR)....more

New York High Court Denies Facebook’s Challenge of Bulk Stored Communications Act Warrants

by Alston & Bird on

The Court of Appeals for the State of New York recently rejected Facebook’s appeal of its challenge to bulk search warrants issued pursuant to the Stored Communications Act (SCA) and separately challenged the warrants’...more

Unreliable Anonymous Tip Could Not Form Basis Of Reasonable Suspicion Drug Test By Public Employer

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

A public employee established a Fourth Amendment violation by several individual supervisors of his former employer when they selected him for reasonable suspicion drug testing – and later discharged him — based on an...more

Permissible Disclosures Under the Stored Communications Act

by Revision Legal on

The Stored Communications Act, which is codified at 18 USC 121, sections 2701-2712, is federal law that governs the conduct of electronic communication service providers and the voluntary and compelled disclosure of the...more

Court Upholds Murder-for-Hire Conviction, Rejects Fourth Amendment Challenges

The murder-for-hire statute makes it a crime to agree to commit murder in exchange for “anything of pecuniary value.” 18 U.S.C. § 1958. The Second Circuit has understood this language to require that, at the time of the...more

Filling the Void in Internet Privacy: Time to Turn to the Courts (Again)

by Pierce Atwood LLP on

Now that the U.S. government has overturned the FCC’s privacy regulations, are courts more likely to step in to protect the Internet privacy rights of individuals?...more

The Circuit Raises A Glass To A Broad Construction Of Law Enforcement’s Authority Under The Fourth Amendment

Yesterday the Second Circuit issued a decision in United States v. Diaz, No. 15-3776 (Walker, Sack, Chin). In an opinion by Judge Sack, the Court addressed two questions under the Fourth Amendment: when does a police...more

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