Upjohn Warnings

News & Analysis as of

D.C. Circuit Confirms: Attorney-Client Privilege Applies to Internal Investigations of Whistleblower Complaints Conducted at the...

The ability to preserve privilege for highly sensitive internal investigations conducted at the direction of attorneys is alive and well. In a closely watched decision on the scope of the attorney-client privilege as applied...more

Appeals Court Decision Protects Attorney-Client Privilege in Internal Investigation

In In re Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc., et al., No. 14-5319 (D.C. Cir. August 11, 2015), the Court reversed a district court’s ruling that KBR waived these protections by using materials created in the course of a privileged...more

D.C. Circuit Weighs In Once Again in KBR Privilege Fight

In the ongoing saga which has been the subject of a previous post on this blog, a three-judge panel of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals has once again found that the district court erred in ordering the production of the...more

A Review of Recent Whistleblower Developments

SEC Awards Another Whistleblowing Compliance Officer - On April 22, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced an award between $1.4 and $1.6 million to a compliance officer who provided information...more

Employer investigations

The case concerned four police officers' claims against the Metropolitan Police Commissioner (the Commissioner) (their quasi-employer) for the way the Commissioner handled a claim by a suspected terrorist alleging police...more

Internal Investigations: The Three C’s – Confidence. Credibility. Cost.

In this issue: - THE THREE C’S — CONFIDENCE, CREDIBILITY AND COST - WHO CONDUCTS THE INVESTIGATION? - SCOPE OF THE INVESTIGATION - MINDSET AT THE OUTSET OF AN INVESTIGATION - THE NEED FOR...more

Carefully Draft NDAs to Avoid Whistleblower Concerns

In light of the SEC’s first enforcement action against a company for impeding whistleblower activity in violation of Rule 21F-17, employers may wish to consider clarifying in their agreements, policies and practices that...more

"The Multifaceted General Counsel"

From legal adviser to business strategist to compliance officer, an in-house counsel typically finds herself playing multiple roles in her organization. Each role requires knowing the organization's business, understanding...more

D.C. Circuit Clarified 4 Critical Factors Regarding Attorney-Client Privilege in Corporate Internal Investigations, Finding...

In a recent post, we discussed the D.C. Circuit’s consideration of the District Court’s decision in U.S. ex.rel Barko v. Halliburton Co. et al., Case No. 05-01276 (D.D.C. 2014), which provided an alarming perspective on the...more

Preservation of Legal Privilege in Corporate Investigations – A Cross Border Comparison

A D.C. Circuit decision (In re Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc.) has confirmed privilege over employee statements during in-house investigations. Can the world take comfort? This article examines privilege in the context of...more

A Recent D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals Decision Calms Employer Fears that Internal Investigations May Not Be Privileged and Lays...

A recent decision from the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, one of the most important courts in the nation, reaffirmed that a company’s internal investigations—if structured properly—are protected from disclosure in litigation...more

D.C. Circuit grants petition for mandamus and strongly reaffirms attorney-client privilege for internal investigations

The attorney-client privilege has long protected attorney-client communications made during the course of an internal investigation. Upjohn Co. v. United States, 449 U.S. 383 (1983). Of course, the privilege encourages “full...more

Unforced Errors Under Upjohn

Over thirty years ago, the Supreme Court clarified how the attorney-client privilege applies to records of internal investigations in Upjohn v. United States, 449 U.S. 383 (1981). Yet putting the principles of Upjohn into...more

D.C. Circuit Court Upholds Attorney-Client Privilege in Internal Investigations

Internal investigations play a lead role in a company’s effective ethics and compliance program. They are one of the best ways for a company to detect, thoroughly understand, and remedy situations that may violate its code...more

Protections Afforded to Internal Investigation Materials - D.C. Circuit Reaffirms Protections Afforded to Internal Investigation...

At least since the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its seminal 1981 decision in Upjohn Co. v. U.S., 449 U.S. 383 (1981), the conventional wisdom has been that companies can rest assured that materials prepared during internal...more

DC Circuit Rejects Narrow View Of Attorney-Client Privilege In Internal Company Investigations

On June 27, 2014, the D.C. Circuit granted Kellogg Brown & Root’s (“KBR’s”) petition for a writ of mandamus and vacated a federal district court order requiring KBR to produce 89 documents related to an internal...more

Upjohn Upheld: D.C. Circuit Re-Affirms Privilege Protections for Multi-Purpose Internal Investigations

In one of the most important decisions of the year for corporate legal departments, on June 27, the D.C. Circuit held that a company’s internal investigation documents were protected by the attorney-client privilege where...more

Common Sense Prevails as D.C. Circuit Applies Upjohn in Vacating District Court Order to Produce Investigation Reports

Government contractors and other companies subject to internal investigation requirements won some relief from the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit on June 26 with a decision that firmly reiterated that...more

D.C. Appeals Court Upholds Privilege For Internal Investigation Preceding False Claims Act Litigation

The KBR decision should not be interpreted as a sign that internal investigations of regulatory compliance are privileged per se. Companies should keep the following principles in mind when conducting any internal...more

Let The Games Begin: Conducting Witness Interviews (Part III Of IV)

Investigators can be nerds. Some enjoy reading documents; others enjoy conducting witness interviews. Both are challenging tasks. Each requires a separate set of skills. Some investigators are able to master a document...more

District Court’s Attorney-Client Privilege Ruling Counteracts Incentives to Perform Internal Investigations

It has long been assumed that under the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision Upjohn Co. v. United States, reports generated during an internal investigation undertaken at the direction, and under the supervision, of corporate...more

Using the Privilege: Fifth Amendment Fundamentals for Corporations

Most in-house lawyers, if they're fortunate, haven't bumped up against the Fifth Amendment and its related issues since the bar exam. After all, the so-called "nickel" typically arises solely in the criminal context, and...more

Global HR Hot Topic - April 2013: Internal Investigations in Overseas Workplaces

Challenge: In America, internal investigations into suspicions and allegations of employee misconduct follow an increasingly well-defined approach. But exporting US investigatory best practices raises unexpected...more

What is Your FCPA Investigation Protocol?

On Wednesday, at the ACI FCPA Bootcamp, there was an excellent presentation by Jay Martin, Vice President, Chief Compliance Officer (CCO) and the Senior Deputy Counsel for Baker Hughes Incorporated and Jacki Trevino, Senior...more

Internal Investigations And Interviews (Part III of IV)

Interviews are the critical part of every internal investigation. Before conducting any interviews, it is important for the investigator to know as much as possible about the events under investigation. Such knowledge can...more

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