Employee Definition

News & Analysis as of

Executive Labor Summary - November/December 2014

NEWS & ANALYSIS - NLRB changes longstanding rule for deferral to arbitration awards - The National Labor Relations Board has had a busy December with four major new developments. We have already reported on two of the...more

Beware! The Little Things Will Make A Big Difference In Court's Assessment Of Whether Individuals Are Independent Contractors

The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit currently has a series of appeals pending before it relating to Fed Ex's alleged misclassification of its drivers, including drivers in Kansas, as independent...more

Member-Employees of Limited Liability Companies

Every now and then, the question arises: can an owner of a limited liability company (LLC) also be an employee of that company? The answer boils down to how the LLC elects to be taxed. ...more

Is Your Company Properly Classifying its Workforce?

As the end of the year quickly approaches, it may be time to sit down and evaluate the classification of your company’s workers. If you determine a certain class or classes of workers may be misclassified as independent...more

Flash No. 44 - 2014 … A Year In Review

2014 was uncomfortably fast. When did you last write 2013 on a check or a letter by mistake? If you did, rest assured that you are not alone. So, while we still have a few weeks before we have to face the start of a new year...more

Filing a Knee-Jerk Counterclaim Can Make a Bad Problem Worse

In today’s litigious world, it is all too common for a disgruntled former business partner to file a lawsuit based on legally weak, if not outright frivolous, claims of wrongdoing. One common reaction is to fight fire with...more

Employee or Independent Contractor: That is the Question!

To be entitled to workers’ compensation benefits, the injured worker must be an employee. An independent contractor is not entitled to benefits. The fact that an employer may designate a worker as an “independent contractor”...more

FRANCHISEE 101: Independent Contractors or Employees?

In Ruiz v. Affinity Logistics Corporation, another recent delivery driver case that arose in California, Affinity Logistics' drivers claimed they were employees and had been misclassified as independent contractors. The trial...more

Volunteers Alleging Employment Status Lose Title VII Case, but Court Applies Vigorous Analysis First

Everyone’s looking for volunteers. The Salvation Army recruits helpers with the promise of “Doing the most good.” Volunteers of America invites participation by reminding the public “There are no limits to caring.” Even...more

Nevada Supreme Court Adopts Economic Realities Test to Determine Employment Status

Recently, the Nevada Supreme Court in Terry, et al., v. Sapphire Gentlemen's Club, reversed a lower court's ruling and held that performers at Sapphire Gentlemen's Club meet the definition of "employees" under the Nevada...more

Nevada Supreme Court Finds Class of Strippers Were Employees

Given the extensive use of euphemisms in the exotic dancing trade, we’ll apologize in advance for any unintended puns. We’ve written on the issue of the classification of exotic dancers or strippers in the past [April...more

Independent No More: The Crackdown on the Use of Independent Contractors

For years, many employers have tried to reduce their tax burdens by treating persons who perform services for them as individual contractors as opposed to employees and thereby reducing the payroll withholding taxes they must...more

Job Applicant Denied Whistleblower Protection in Sixth Circuit

Job applicants lack standing to bring whistleblower retaliation claims under the False Claims Act (FCA) and the Energy Reorganization Act (ERA) because they are not “employees,” according to the Sixth Circuit Court of...more

To Be, or Not to Be an Independent Contractor—That Is the Question.

I often receive calls that begin with a story like this: “We had the maintenance guy do this project for us a year or two ago, and we really liked him, so we kept him on. We just 1099 him each year. No problem with that,...more

New Hampshire Department of Labor and U.S. DOL Agree to Work Together Against Misclassification

The U.S. Department of Labor (“U.S. DOL”) and the New Hampshire Department of Labor recently signed a memorandum of understanding to share information regarding independent contractor misclassification. The agreement is part...more

Can I Get Workers' Comp If I'm Paid On A 1099

This is a legal question that depends on the facts of each case. So, the short answer to it is that even though you get a 1099 and your “employer” tells you that you’re an independent contractor doesn’t mean you can’t get...more

Gentlemen’s Club Cannot Strip Dancers of Employee Status

We mentioned early last year that the U.S. Department of Labor intended to start cracking down on the (mis)classification of workers as independent contractors. All is not lost however, as we also recently discussed a New...more

$10.2 Million Awarded by DOL to Detect Worker Misclassification

Recently, the U.S. Department of Labor announced awards of $10,225,183 in grants to 19 states to implement or improve worker misclassification detection and enforcement initiatives in their unemployment insurance programs. ...more

Supreme Court Declines to Hear Challenge of Illinois Independent Contractor Classification Law

On October 14, 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States refused to consider a challenge to the Illinois Employee Classification Act, which classifies workers in the construction industry as employees unless they can meet...more

Doctors and Lawyers and Such

When doctors and lawyers get sideways with their business partners, they might dispute whether one or more of them are really “employees.” In a recent case, an anesthesiologist alleged disability and sex discrimination. To...more

FLSA Wage and Hour Lawsuit Filed against NCAA

A putative collective action on behalf of college athletes, Sackos v. National Collegiate Athletic Association, was recently filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana against the National...more

Worker Classification Litigation on the Rise — An Analysis of the Ninth Circuit’s FedEx Case and Its Lessons for Tax Practitioners

Abraham Lincoln reportedly asked, ‘‘If you call a dog’s tail a leg, how many legs does a dog have?’’ His answer was, ‘‘Four. Calling a dog’s tail a leg does not make it a leg.’’ Similarly, when businesses classify workers,...more

Seventh Circuit Reminds Attorneys to Conduct “Reasonable Amount of Legal Research” Before Filing Claims

Under the federal civil rights statutes, plaintiffs who prevail ordinarily receive an award of attorneys’ fees that must be paid by the defendant. But, in order not to deter plaintiffs from filing such claims, the reverse is...more

Conservative Kansas Joins the Liberal Ninth Circuit in Rejecting the Independent Contractor Classification of Delivery Drivers

Last month we blogged about two Ninth Circuit opinions that deemed FedEx Ground drivers to be employees rather than independent contractors under California and Oregon law. Last week the Kansas Supreme Court joined them,...more

But Wait . . . My Workers Are Independent Contractors, Right?

Following the U.S. Department of Labor’s recent release of its Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) with the Alabama Department of Labor, employers should not rest easy simply because they classify their workers as independent...more

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