Undue Hardship

News & Analysis as of

Real Property – Court’s Power to Issue Equitable Easements

Lilli Shoen v. Juliet Zacarias - Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District (May 22, 2015) - A trial court has the power to issue an equitable easement authorizing a trespasser to continue her trespass in...more

Gavel to Gavel: Faith and consequences

Last week’s decision by the U.S. Supreme Court on religious discrimination, EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores Inc., may have the unintended effect of an increase in religious stereotyping in the workplace. The lawsuit...more

Lack of Actual Knowledge of a Need for a Religious Accommodation is Not a Defense to a Religious Bias Suit

On June 1, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in a religious bias suit involving an unsuccessful Muslim job applicant who was rejected because her headscarf did...more

Supreme Court: Motive Matters in Hiring Decisions

Last week, in EEOC. v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc., the Supreme Court addressed religious accommodations under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The background of the case dates to 2008. A young woman...more

Supreme Court Abercrombie & Fitch Ruling: It’s the Motive that Matters

As most lawyers and HR professionals know, on June 1, 2015, Justice Antonin Scalia authored a concise opinion, overturning the Tenth Circuit and holding that Abercrombie & Fitch had intentionally discriminated against...more

The Supreme Court’s Decision in EEOC v. Abercrombie: What Can Employers Do to Reduce the Risk of Religious Discrimination Claims...

On June 1, the Supreme Court issued an 8-1 decision in EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc., holding that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act prohibits a prospective employer from refusing to hire an applicant in order to...more

FRANCHISEE 101: 7-Eleven Ordered to Disclose Metadata

A federal court has ordered 7-Eleven to disclose its metadata in three franchisees' claims that they were targeted for termination for financial, political and racially discriminatory reasons. Metadata is deep down "data...more

Employment Law Newsletter - April 2015

In This Issue: - Do Your Company Policies & Procedures Stand up against the NLRB? - Potential Pitfalls of Terminating an Employee who Requests Extended Leave - Excerpt from Do Your Company Policies & Procedures...more

Potential Pitfalls of Terminating an Employee who Requests Extended Leave

An employee who requests time off due to a medical or disability-related issue may have rights under the Family and Medical Leave Act or FMLA, the Americans with Disabilities Act or ADA and state and local corollaries to...more

Do you believe in religious accommodations?

Utah Employment Law Letter - March 2015 Ever since the first Pilgrims settled Massachusetts in 1620, religion has found a shelter—albeit an imperfect one—in what would become the United States. Many European settlers...more

CT Law of the Land

AC36196 - Verrillo v. Zoning Board of Appeals - Attorneys who practice in the land-use arena know that there is often a divergence between how local Zoning Board of Appeals (“ZBAs”), comprised of lay members, view...more

Tax Injunction Act Does Not Bar Suit by Online Retailers Trade Association, But May Not Be the Last Word on Taxation of Online...

The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously held on March 3 that the Tax Injunction Act does not bar a lawsuit brought by the Direct Marketing Association, a trade association of retailers, challenging the enforcement of a Colorado...more

Religious Objections to Biometric Scanning: Jury Verdict for Employee Is a Cautionary Tale for Employers

A Virginia federal jury recently awarded $150,000 to a miner who refused on religious grounds to use his employer’s biometric hand scanner that was installed to track attendance. Such scanners read each person’s unique hand...more

Illinois Offers Greater Protections for Pregnant Workers

Employers should take note of the newly effective amendment to the Illinois Human Rights Act, which enhances protections for employees affected by pregnancy or childbirth, imposes accommodation requirements on employers, and...more

CMS Reopens the Medicare Payment Adjustment Hardship Exception Application Submission Period for Certain Providers and Hospitals

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently announced the reopening of the submission period for hardship exception applications for eligible professionals and eligible hospitals that have been unable to fully...more

Shop ‘til You Drop – But Take a Day to Pray

Retail stores cannot force an employee to work seven consecutive days without giving the employee one day off to worship or rest. Like the ADA, retail stores must also accommodate the religious beliefs of employees unless it...more

Employment Law 101: Worksite Lactation Breaks

According to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, all employers with more than 50 employees nationwide are required to comply. Employers with less than 50 employees may not comply if it would be an undue hardship....more

Discharging the Brunner Test: Student Loan Debt in Bankruptcy

Twenty-seven years ago the Second Circuit was faced with a debtor who proposed to use the Bankruptcy Code to avoid her student loan debt – only five months after graduation. The Second Circuit came down harshly on Ms. Brunner...more

Public School Advocacy Groups Seek Supreme Court Review of “Stay-Put” Placements in Private Schools

One of the most important due process protections afforded to disabled students under the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the principle of “stay-put” or “pendency” placement....more

Dischargeability of Student Loan Debt in Bankruptcy

Title 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(8) of the United States Bankruptcy Code provides that, in order to obtain a discharge of an otherwise nondischargeable student loan, an individual in bankruptcy (the “debtor”) must establish that he...more

CMS Expands Hardship Exemption for Stage 2 Meaningful Use

CMS Administrator Marilyn Tavenner announced on March 11, 2014, an expansion of the hardship exemption available to eligible providers who were unable to attest to being meaningful users under the Stage 2 Meaningful Use Rule...more

New York City Pregnancy Accommodation Law Now in Effect

The most recent amendment to the New York City Human Rights Law takes effect January 30, 2014. It requires employers to reasonably accommodate employees based on pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions unless...more

EEOC’s Attempt to Revisit Undue Hardship Defense Rejected

Last year, we reported on EEOC v. JBS USA, LLC No. 8:10CV318 (D. NE.). The case includes the EEOC’s pattern or practice claim that JBS failed to accommodate its Muslim employees’ religious practices at its Grand Island,...more

Recent EEOC Religious Discrimination Cases Are Reminder of Undue Hardship Standard

Over the last few months, the EEOC has settled various religious discrimination lawsuits against employers across the U.S., including California....more

Fenwick Employment Brief - January 2014

EEOC Position Statement Comes Back to Bite Employer in Civil Lawsuit - In Kwan v. Andalex Group, LLC, the Second Circuit (covering New York, Connecticut and Vermont) considered the impact of prior inconsistent...more

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