Adverse Employment Action

News & Analysis as of

Making Bad Choices: Title IX, Title VII and Ludlow V. Northwestern University

A prior post considered the case of Ha v. Northwestern University, in which the plaintiff claimed that Northwestern had violated Title IX by insufficiently disciplining one of its professors, Peter Ludlow, despite concluding...more

New OFCCP changes to federal contractor pay practices

September was a busy month for federal contractors due to new regulatory requirements. Earlier last month, we told you about President Obama’s new executive order requiring covered government contractors to provide their...more

Cat’s Paw, Part II: “Termination Review” by Independent Decision Makers Can Break the Causal Chain

Last week, we wrote about the “Cat’s Paw” theory of liability —where a person is used unwittingly to accomplish another person’s discriminatory purpose in the workplace. A common example would be when a racist employee...more

California Court Approves Retaliation Protection For Private Police Report

The California Court of Appeal held last week in Cardenas v. M. Fanaian, D.D.S., Inc. that retaliation claims under California Labor Code § 1102.5 need not be based on a report of employer wrongdoing or promote a fundamental...more

Despite Ruling, Free Speech Statute Continues To Offers Some Defenses

In two prior posts this week I talked about the significance of a new Connecticut Supreme Court case that has expanded the free speech rights of employees in the workplace. But do employers have any other defenses to...more

T.J. Simers Discrimination Trial: Are You Paranoid If They Really ARE Out To Get You?

A psychologist retained by the Times testified this week that Mr. Simers scored “very high” for paranoia on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. His test results showed that he was “overly sensitive to criticism,”...more

New Protection For Pregnant Employees

For decades, the Rhode Island Fair Employment Practices Act has protected pregnant employees from termination or other adverse job action on account of pregnancy. Now, the Rhode Island General Assembly has taken pregnancy...more

“Cat’s Paw” – Or Perhaps “Tiger’s Paw” Theory Now

For those interested in the origin, the term “cat’s paw” derives from a fable of a monkey who employs flattery to convince a cat to pull chestnuts out of a fire. Today the term commonly refers to a person used unwittingly or...more

Shrink Says Sports Columnist May Not Recover From Depression

Mr. Simers is suing the Times for age and disability discrimination in connection with his demotion. He resigned from the Times in October 2013, wrote for the Orange County Register for about another year, and then took a...more

Be Aware of Public Employees Disciplinary Proceedings Protections: Loudermill, Wiengarten and Garrity

This post is primarily for public sector employers such as state agencies, municipalities and districts. By virtue of being employed by the government and quite likely represented by a labor union, public sector employees in...more

Seventh Circuit Decision Drives Home Importance of Prudence in Communicating With Employees About Union Issues

In AutoNation, Inc. v. NLRB, the Seventh Circuit enforced a National Labor Relations Board decision that found a car dealership to be in violation of the National Labor Relations Act for interfering with workers’ efforts to...more

Employment Law - September 2015

From the California Legislature: New Employment Laws, Bills Set for Signature: Why it matters - The California Legislature has been busy with employment-related bills, passing measures to provide additional...more

Second Circuit Allows Whistleblower Retaliation Protection Without Reporting to SEC

September 10, 2015, in a 2-1 decision in Berman v. Neo@Ogilvy LLC, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled that whistleblowers who report securities law violations internally but not to the US Securities and...more

EmCare Challenges Sex Harassment Jury Verdict

EmCare Inc., a Dallas-based company that specializes in providing physician medical services, asked a federal court in Texas last week to reverse a $500,000 jury verdict awarded to three former employees who were terminated...more

Second Circuit to Supreme Court on Whistleblowers: Your Turn

The U.S. Court of Appeals to the Second Circuit’s recent decision holding that Dodd-Frank’s “whistleblower” anti-retaliation protections apply to employees who are dismissed after reporting alleged violations internally but...more

Using Consumer Reports for Hiring Decisions Creates Unanticipated Litigation Risk for Employers

When employers obtain a consumer report for employment purposes, §1681b(b)(3)(A) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (the “FCRA”) requires issuance of a pre-adverse action notice to the subject of the report (the “consumer”) if...more

Second Circuit Expands Scope of Dodd-Frank Anti-Retaliation Provisions, Sets up Chance for Supreme Court Review

Once upon a time, Daniel Berman was the finance director of Neo@Ogilvy LLC, a subsidiary of the publicly-traded WPP Group USA, Inc. He did not find a handsome prince or princess there. According to the allegations of a...more

Second Circuit Expands Protections for Internal Whistleblowers

As we forecast in our August 2015 post, “The SEC’s Interpretative Guidance on Internal Whistleblowing Under the Dodd-Frank Act,” a federal court of appeals today issued a decision in line with the U.S. Securities and Exchange...more

Are FCA Retaliation Claims Against Supervisors, Executives Viable?

When the False Claims Act (FCA) retaliation provision was amended in 2009, the amendment was not explicit as to whether plaintiffs could only recover for retaliation claims against companies, or whether plaintiffs also could...more

Discrimination by Association: It’s Illegal.

You may have heard of guilt by association before, but what about discrimination by association? Everyone knows that an employer cannot discriminate on the basis of an employee’s disability, but what if the employee has a...more

FCRA Tip: Keep Hands On

A federal trial court will conduct a trial on a Fair Credit Reporting Act claim because the employer streamlined its background check system. In this case, a bank used a third party service provider to conduct background...more

EEOC: Title VII Prohibits Employment Discrimination Based On Sexual Orientation

The recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in Obergefell v. Hodges struck down restrictions on marriage by same-sex couples, but it did not address other forms of discrimination based on sexual orientation, such as in employment....more

Third Circuit Joins Sister Courts in Finding Suspension with Pay is not an “Adverse Employment Action” Within Meaning of...

In Precia Jones v. SEPTA, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals last week joined six sister courts in finding that a suspension with pay typically does not constitute an “adverse employment action” within the meaning of Title...more

Tide of Circuit Courts Finding Paid Suspension Is Not An Adverse Employment Action Grows

In an issue of first impression, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals ruled Wednesday, August 12, that a paid suspension does not constitute an adverse employment action under Title VII, joining the unanimous opinion of the six...more

Third Circuit Holds That Paid Suspensions Are Not Adverse Employment Action

On August 12, 2015, the Third Circuit issued its opinion in Jones v. Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, holding that a paid suspension “typically” is not an adverse employment action within the meaning of...more

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