Totality of Circumstances Test

News & Analysis as of

NLRB Adopts Broad Joint Employer Standard

The federal National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB” or the “Board”) has recently adopted a broad standard for assessing joint-employer status under the federal National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA”). The “joint employer”...more

Third Circuit Affirms Bad Faith Involuntary Bankruptcy Dismissal, Increasing Risk of Punitive Damages

Last week’s decision by the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in In re: Forever Green Athletic Fields, Inc., No. 14-3906 (3d Cir. Oct. 16, 2015) held that an involuntary bankruptcy petition filed under 11 U.S.C. §...more

NLRB Expected to Issue Decision on “Joint Employers”

The National Labor Relations Board is expected to issue a decision in the very near future (Browning-Ferris Industries 32 RC 109684) that will dramatically change the standard for finding that two or more entities...more

Tangle Between Hair Care Companies Stayed Pending IPR

Days after the PTAB instituted Inter Partes Review (IPR), Judge Alvin Thompson in the District of Connecticut has stayed a case between Conair and Tre Milano. Conair sued Tre Milano in October 2014, for infringing U.S....more

The Positives and Negatives of the FCC’s Recent Omnibus Order on the TCPA

On Friday, July 10, 2015, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issued an omnibus, Declaratory Ruling and Order (FCC Ruling) seeking to clarify certain ambiguities in the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA). The...more

Do You Know Who Your Employees Are?

Employers are beginning to learn that they may have far more employees than they think. A driver for the ride sharing company Uber was considered an “employee” by the California Labor Commissioner’s Office earlier this month....more

Data Shows Spike In Patent Attorney Fee Motions And Awards After Octane

Prior to last year’s Supreme Court decisions in Octane Fitness LLC v. Icon Health & Fitness, Inc, 134 S. Ct. 1749 (2014) and Highmark, Inc. v. Allcare Health Mgmt. Sys., 134 S. Ct. 1744 (2014), district courts awarded...more

“Totality of the Circumstances” Standard Used to Sanction Mortgagee for Lack of “Good Faith” Negotiation in Foreclosure Matter

New York’s Appellate Division, Second Department, recently ruled that a mortgagee’s conduct in evaluating a borrower’s loan modification application should be judged using the “totality of the circumstances” standard to...more

Prior Denial of IPR Petitions Dooms Litigation Stay Based On "Second Round" of Petitions Under the Totality of the Circumstances...

In CTP Innovations, LLC v. Solo Printing, Case No. 1:14-cv-21499-UU, the Court denied, without prejudice, Defendant's motion to stay the litigation pending the inter partes review of the two patents-in-suit....more

BB&K Police Bulletin: Use of Deadly Force: Officers’ Pre-Shooting Conduct Included in the Totality of Circumstances Test...

Overview: Deputies shot and killed Shane Hayes inside his home. His daughter filed suit against the deputies and the county for excessive force, Fourth Amendment violations, negligent wrongful death and claims against the...more

Undue Hardship? Part II: The Eighth Circuit’s Totality-Of-Circumstances Test

In July, this blog explored the Second and Ninth Circuit’s application of the “undue hardship” test under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(8), which states that student loan debt is presumptively non-dischargeable. To refresh, in those...more

11 Results
View per page
Page: of 1

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:

Sign up to create your digest using LinkedIn*

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.