Totality of Circumstances Test

News & Analysis as of

Employment Law Commentary, April 2016: Kilby V. CVS Pharmacy: The California Supreme Court In The Driver’s Seat Clarifies Seating...

Kilby V. CVS Pharmacy: The California Supreme Court In The Driver’s Seat Clarifies Seating Standards In The Workplace - Most of the California Industrial Welfare Commission’s industry and occupational wage orders...more

The California Edition of the Employment & Labor Newsletter

Take a Seat! California Supreme Court Provides Clarity on California’s Suitable Seating Laws - A recent ruling by the California Supreme Court on suitable workplace seating arrangements will affect a vast number of...more

Sitting on the Job: When California Employers Must Provide Seats

Employees are entitled to sit at work when the nature of the work reasonably permits the use of seats. On April 4, 2016, the California Supreme Court, in an opinion authored by Justice Carol A. Corrigan, clarified...more

Question #275: Can We Take A Stand On Employees Sitting?

Question: Some of our retail company’s employees in California are demanding chairs to sit in while they work. Management thinks it appears unprofessional to have workers sitting, but I hear the employees might have a legal...more

California Supreme Court Takes a Stand About Employees Sitting

Earlier this week, the California Supreme Court, in Kilby v. CVS Pharmacy, clarified that the suitable seating requirement in several California wage orders may entitle employees to a seat when their tasks can be accomplished...more

Labor & Employment Advisory: California Supreme Court Expands “Suitable Seating” Requirements

In an opinion with far-reaching implications for California employers and one that will change the posture of California’s “suitable seating” law, the California Supreme Court recently provided further guidance on how one of...more

Better Sit Down For This: Court Clarifies “Suitable Seating” Rules

Seyfarth Synopsis in a Second: Suitable seating is required in California where tasks performed at a particular location reasonably permit sitting, and where providing a seat would not interfere with the performance of...more

California Supreme Court Takes a Stand on Employers' Obligations to Provide Seating

On April 4, 2016, the Supreme Court of California ruled on employers’ obligations, under certain circumstances, to provide seating for employees under Industrial Welfare Commission Wage Order No. 7-2001, which states that...more

Court Has Jurisdiction In Declaratory Judgment Action.

Robinson, J. Defendant’s motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction is denied. This is a declaratory judgment action on non-infringement and invalidity of the patent-in-suit. Defendant is an NPE. It had...more

Do I have to pay for my Child’s Car Insurance?

Many divorcing or divorced parents ask whether they will have to pay for the cost of their child’s car insurance once their child reaches driving age. This is always a difficult question to answer because New Jersey law does...more

Judge Gilstrap awards Section 285 fees where Plaintiff’s Section 101 positions cross the “threshold of exceptionality.”

On December 17, 2015, Judge Rodney Gilstrap of the Eastern District of Texas (EDTX) ruled that, in light of Alice Corporation Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank International, 134 S. Ct. 2347 (2014) (“Alice”), a plaintiff’s position on...more

eDekka LLC v. 3balls.com, Inc. (E.D. Tex. 2015)

As 2015 drew to a close, the toll of the Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank Int'l decision on software and business method patents became apparent. Post Alice, approximately 70% of all patents challenged under 35 U.S.C. § 101 have been...more

NLRB Adopts Broad Joint Employer Standard

The federal National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB” or the “Board”) has recently adopted a broad standard for assessing joint-employer status under the federal National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA”). The “joint employer”...more

Third Circuit Affirms Bad Faith Involuntary Bankruptcy Dismissal, Increasing Risk of Punitive Damages

Last week’s decision by the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in In re: Forever Green Athletic Fields, Inc., No. 14-3906 (3d Cir. Oct. 16, 2015) held that an involuntary bankruptcy petition filed under 11 U.S.C. §...more

NLRB Expected to Issue Decision on “Joint Employers”

The National Labor Relations Board is expected to issue a decision in the very near future (Browning-Ferris Industries 32 RC 109684) that will dramatically change the standard for finding that two or more entities...more

Tangle Between Hair Care Companies Stayed Pending IPR

Days after the PTAB instituted Inter Partes Review (IPR), Judge Alvin Thompson in the District of Connecticut has stayed a case between Conair and Tre Milano. Conair sued Tre Milano in October 2014, for infringing U.S....more

The Positives and Negatives of the FCC’s Recent Omnibus Order on the TCPA

On Friday, July 10, 2015, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issued an omnibus, Declaratory Ruling and Order (FCC Ruling) seeking to clarify certain ambiguities in the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA). The...more

Do You Know Who Your Employees Are?

Employers are beginning to learn that they may have far more employees than they think. A driver for the ride sharing company Uber was considered an “employee” by the California Labor Commissioner’s Office earlier this month....more

Data Shows Spike In Patent Attorney Fee Motions And Awards After Octane

Prior to last year’s Supreme Court decisions in Octane Fitness LLC v. Icon Health & Fitness, Inc, 134 S. Ct. 1749 (2014) and Highmark, Inc. v. Allcare Health Mgmt. Sys., 134 S. Ct. 1744 (2014), district courts awarded...more

“Totality of the Circumstances” Standard Used to Sanction Mortgagee for Lack of “Good Faith” Negotiation in Foreclosure Matter

New York’s Appellate Division, Second Department, recently ruled that a mortgagee’s conduct in evaluating a borrower’s loan modification application should be judged using the “totality of the circumstances” standard to...more

Prior Denial of IPR Petitions Dooms Litigation Stay Based On "Second Round" of Petitions Under the Totality of the Circumstances...

In CTP Innovations, LLC v. Solo Printing, Case No. 1:14-cv-21499-UU, the Court denied, without prejudice, Defendant's motion to stay the litigation pending the inter partes review of the two patents-in-suit....more

BB&K Police Bulletin: Use of Deadly Force: Officers’ Pre-Shooting Conduct Included in the Totality of Circumstances Test...

Overview: Deputies shot and killed Shane Hayes inside his home. His daughter filed suit against the deputies and the county for excessive force, Fourth Amendment violations, negligent wrongful death and claims against the...more

Undue Hardship? Part II: The Eighth Circuit’s Totality-Of-Circumstances Test

In July, this blog explored the Second and Ninth Circuit’s application of the “undue hardship” test under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(8), which states that student loan debt is presumptively non-dischargeable. To refresh, in those...more

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