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Read need-to-know updates, commentary, and analysis on Labor & Employment issues written by leading professionals.
Ius Laboris

Employer’s Missteps Forfeited Non-Compete Clause    

Ius Laboris on

In a recent case in Denmark, an employer lost its right to obtain an injunction against a former employee performing consultancy work for a competitor....more

Mayer Brown

Impact of Singapore’s Tripartite Guidelines on Flexible Work Arrangement Requests on Work From Home Arrangements

Mayer Brown on

For the past few years, working from home has become the new norm for employers in Singapore. It has been a mixed experience for employers and employees alike. Social media sometimes refer to this as the 'Boomers vs Gen Z'...more

Adams and Reese LLP

Mandatory PFML Requirements for Employers in the “Swamp” and “Rocky Mountain High”

Adams and Reese LLP on

This month, in the final part of our Adams and Reese Paid Family and Medical Leave series, we examine highlights of the mandatory PFML laws in Colorado and the District of Columbia, two other jurisdictions within the Adams...more

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission...

Fremont Contractor to Settle EEOC Harassment Charge

Federal Investigation Found Transgender Construction Worker Faced Hostile Work Environment, Retaliation and Constructive Discharge - OAKLAND, Calif. – Fremont-based contractor Superior Automatic Sprinkler Company has...more

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission...

Hank’s Furniture to Pay $110,000 in EEOC Religious Discrimination Lawsuit

Settles Federal Charges Nationwide Furniture Retailer Failed to Accommodate an Employee’s Sincerely Held Religious Beliefs and Terminated Her - MOBILE, Ala.  – Hank’s Furniture, Inc. (HFI), a nationwide furniture retailer,...more

TRU Staffing Partners, Inc.

EDiscovery Trends Show Continued Burnout Despite Strong Hiring

Eye on ESI for July 2024 brought the new trends everyone was waiting for in the ESI marketplace. TRU Founder and CEO Jared Coseglia and ACEDS VP Maribel Rivera discussed the shifts, changes, surprises, and predictions for job...more

Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP

Don’t Stop… Enjoining! NLRB’s GC Wants to Hold Onto That Feeling

The top lawyer for the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is ordering her subordinates to continue to seek injunctions against employers for alleged violations of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), despite the...more

ArentFox Schiff

Soltero v. Precise Distribution, Inc.: Key Takeaways for Employers Relying on Arbitration Agreements for Temporary Workers

ArentFox Schiff on

Employers supplementing their workforce with temporary workers may be out of luck if they wish to rely on arbitration agreements between the temporary helper and the staffing provider. The California Court of Appeal, Fourth...more

ArentFox Schiff

Relator Calls on Supreme Court to Define Standard for a ‘Willful’ Kickback under Federal Anti-Kickback Statute

ArentFox Schiff on

On June 7, Adam Hart, a former employee of McKesson Corporation, filed a petition for certiorari to the US Supreme Court asking the Court to define the “willfulness” element of the Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS). United States...more

Harris Beach PLLC

Court Decision Should Spur Employers Who Hire Noncitizens to Examine Hiring Practices

Harris Beach PLLC on

While a recent decision by the Ninth Circuit applies to Western states, it should serve as a signal for employers across the country to examine and update their recruiting and hiring policies. The split ruling by a...more

Venable LLP

Supreme Court Grants Cert to Decide the Burden of Proof for FLSA Exemptions

Venable LLP on

On June 17, 2024, the U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari in E.M.D. Sales, Inc. v. Carrera, adding it to their docket for the 2024-2025 term. This case will finally resolve a split between the U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal...more

Ogletree, Deakins, Nash, Smoak & Stewart,...

Eighth Circuit Chips Away at ‘Honest Belief’ Defense and Creates ‘Intertwinement Test’ for Disability Discrimination Cases

On July 1, 2024, in Huber v. Westar Foods, Inc., in a 2–1 decision, the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals departed from the “honest belief” defense recognized by the First, Second, Fourth, Fifth, and Seventh Circuits (and U.S....more

Lathrop GPM

BE AWARE...Federal Enforcement of Discriminatory Pay Disparities on the Rise

Lathrop GPM on

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) recently extracted a multi-million dollar settlement from the Social Security Administration (SSA) for claims of pay disparities based on race....more

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP

Mandatory Unconscious Bias Training Did Not Violate Title VII

Employers are facing an increasing number of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) charges and lawsuits from white employees who claim that exposure to diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) training at work...more

Venable LLP

A Post-Chevron Era: What Employers Need to Know About the End of the Chevron Doctrine

Venable LLP on

On June 28, 2024, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a landmark decision in Loper Bright Enterprises v. Raimondo, eliminating a fundamental principle of administrative law. In a 6-3 decision, the Supreme Court overturned Chevron...more

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP

Third Circuit Sets Test for Wage Payment to College Athletes

In its Alston decision in 2021, the U.S. Supreme Court ended the legal assumption that NCAA athletes were pure amateurs, exempt from a range of legal protections extended to workers. Since that decision, courts have faced a...more

Miller Nash LLP

Make Sure the Clock Is Running: A Reminder from the Ninth Circuit

Miller Nash LLP on

Folks who attended Miller Nash’s Annual Employment Law Seminar last fall may remember a discussion about a case brought by Nevada call center workers seeking compensation for their time booting up and shutting down their...more

Robinson+Cole Data Privacy + Security Insider

AI Lands in the Workplace

It doesn’t seem fair that human resources (HR) personnel have to manage both labor shortages and overwhelming employee management tasks, but here we are.  Companies are facing a critical shortage of skilled workers that is...more

Vedder Price

Illinois’s Freelance Worker Protection Act Took Effect July 1, 2024

Vedder Price on

On August 4, 2023, Illinois became the first state to adopt statutory protections for freelance workers when Governor JB Pritzker signed the Freelance Worker Protection Act (the “Act”). The Act took effect on July 1, 2024....more

Ary Rosenbaum - The Rosenbaum Law Firm P.C.

HP beats back forfeiture case

A federal judge in Northern California stated HP Inc. doesn’t violate the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) by using forfeited 401(k) money to pay contributions it’s required to make to the plan, by dismissing a...more

Steptoe & Johnson PLLC

"Amateurism" Eroding: The Third Circuit Opens the Door to Employee Status for College Athletes Under the FLSA

Steptoe & Johnson PLLC on

On July 11, 2024, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit held in Johnson v. NCAA, No. 22-1223, (3d Cir. July 11, 2024) that college athletes may be considered employees under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)....more

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP

Time Management Policies Can Mitigate New Overtime Obligations

The first round of increases to minimum salaries required to claim the Fair Labor Standards Act’s white-collar overtime exemptions took effect July 1. Unless blocked by federal courts, the second, larger increase in the...more

Stotler Hayes Group, LLC

The Impact of the Dismantling of Chevron Deference on the Pending AHCA Lawsuit to Halt New Minimum Staffing Ratio Requirement

Last month’s overturn of Chevron deference is widely expected to bolster the skilled nursing facility industry’s challenge to the newly imposed minimum staffing mandate.  On May 10, the American Health Care Association...more

Fox Rothschild LLP

Pennsylvania Limits Noncompetes for Certain Health Care Workers

Fox Rothschild LLP on

Pennsylvania is joining the legislative bandwagon to limit noncompetition agreements for certain health care workers. In a purported effort to retain health care practitioners for the commonwealth and promote continuity of...more

Constangy, Brooks, Smith & Prophete, LLP

Texas challenge to EEOC harassment guidance ends -- for now.

It's not over. I previously reported that a number of states have challenged the new Enforcement Guidance on workplace harassment issued by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, based on the position that the...more

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JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: Dec 28, 2021:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

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Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

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Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

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How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
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  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
150 Harbor Drive, #2760
Sausalito, CA 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
150 Harbor Drive, #2760
Sausalito, CA 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at:

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
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JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

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Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at:

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